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Randolph County

Randolph County, NC



FORMED: 1779

LAND AREA: 782.52 square miles

White: 88.8%
Black/African American: 6.6%
American Indian: 1.2%    
Asian: 1.5%    
Pacific Islander: 0.1%
Two or more races: 1.8%
Hispanic/Latino: 12.0% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2020.


Randolph County

Piedmont region


REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Cape Fear, Yadkin-Pee Dee, Map
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Alamance, Chatham, Davidson, Guilford, Montgomery, Moore

Randolph County, NC

See also: North Carolina Counties (to access links to NCpedia articles for all 100 counties)

by Jay Mazzocchi, 2006

Randolph County, located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, was formed in 1779 from Guilford County and named for Peyton Randolph, the first president of the Continental Congress. Early inhabitants of the area included the Saponi, Keyauwee, and other Siouan Indians, followed by German, Scotch-Irish, and English settlers. Quakers and Moravians also migrated to the area in the eighteenth century. Asheboro, the county seat, was incorporated in 1796 and named for Samuel Ashe, a former governor of North Carolina. It is the location of the North Carolina Zoological Park, which attracts thousands of visitors each year and has spurred a great deal of growth in the town and county. Other Randolph County communities include Archdale, Ramseur, Liberty, Seagrove, Franklinville, Coleridge, Whynot, Trinity, and Worthville. Randolph County is covered in part by the Uwharrie National Forest. Other notable physical features of the county include the Uwharrie River, Purgatory Mountain, Squirrel Creek, the Little River, and Needhams Mountain.

Several important participants in the War of the Regulation (1764-71) lived in what is now Randolph County. Trinity College, established in 1838, moved to Durham in 1892 and became Duke University. Randolph County is home to a number of historic sites and landmarks, such as the Sunset Theatre, built in 1929; the Asheboro City Cemetery, in use since 1827; and Skeen's Mill Covered Bridge, built in the 1890s. Cultural institutions include the Museum of North Carolina Traditional Pottery, the American Classic Motorcycle Museum, the Richard Petty Museum, and the North Carolina Pottery Center. The Seagrove region is a very important center of North Carolina pottery production. The county hosts festivals and annual events that include the Spring Kiln Opening in Seagrove, Festival of the Dogs in Franklinville, and Christmas parades in several towns.

Randolph County produces agricultural goods such as eggs, tobacco, corn, soybeans, hay, vegetables, fruit, and poultry. Manufactured products include furniture, dry batteries, hospital supplies, cushions and pillows, shoes, fabrics, apparel, and industrial components. The county's estimated population in 2004 was 135,800.

Annotated history of Randolph County's formation:

For an annotated history of the county's formation, with the laws affecting the county, boundary lines and changes, and other origin information, visit these references in The Formation of the North Carolina Counties (Corbitt, 2000), available online at North Carolina Digital Collections (note, there may be additional items of interest for the county not listed here):

County formation history:

Index entry for the county:

Additional resources:

Corbitt, David Leroy. 2000. The formation of the North Carolina counties, 1663-1943 (accessed June 20, 2017).

Randolph County Government:

Asheboro / Randolph County Chamber of Commerce:

DigitalNC, Randolph County:

North Carolina Digital Collections (explore by place, time period, format):

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Origin - location: 


What is the name of the old nursing quarters at Randolph Hospital?

My grandmother lived in Central Falls, NC. Up the hill from her was the post office and in front if her house was the back of a mill. Klopman? Maybe.
How can I find out what street that was and if the post office is still there?
Thanks, Gail

My 6th Great Grandfather was Captain James Lindley. He married his wife, Mary Cox, of Cox Mill in 1754 in what is now Randolph County.

My 4th great grandfather was Peter Byrd (1794-1868). Back then, they spelled his last name Bird. He was born in Randolph County. I a trying to find out what Tribe of Native Americans his family came from. I don't know his father's name, but I do know that his grandfather was a Tory Lieutenent in the Revolution. One of the requirements was to be Native American and had been in significant battles. I have all of Peter's descendents, but no one before him. Traveller Bird wrote books about Sequoyah, who was Cherokee. Traveller claimed to be related to Sequoyah. Can someone in Randolph County help us verify Peter Byrd's (Bird?) tribe? Thank you.

Dear Sherry,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and especially for sharing your family history and question.

I am including the web link for the Genealogy Resources page on the NC Government & Heritage Library's website: You will find useful information about researching family history in North Carolina.  On that page you will also see a link for "have a question?".  You can contact the library for help by email, phone or online chat.  And librarians can help suggest resources you may want to consult for your question.

You may also want to contact the Randolph County Public Library. They have a local history collection and they may have some information on your ancestor in the collection.  Here is a link to the web page:

I hope this helps!  Please feel free to post back if you have additional questions.

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, NC Government & Heritage Library

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