Textile industry

Textile industry
Adams, John Hampton
by Williams, Max R. John Hampton Adams, a pioneer in the High Point textile industry, was born on a plantation near Adamsville, Marlboro County, S.C., the son of Jonathan and Mary Jane Newton Adams. Jonathan Adams was a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Alamance Mills
by McGrath, Eileen, Glass, Brent D. The original Alamance Cotton Mill was founded by Edwin M. Holt and William A. Carrigan on Big Alamance Creek near Burlington in 1837, at the site of several small, water-powered operations, including [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bahnson, Agnew Hunter
by Wooten, Hubert K. Agnew Hunter Bahnson, textile manufacturer, was born in Salem, the son of Dr. Henry Theodore and Emma Fries Bahnson. His grandfather, George Frederic Bahnson, moved to Salem in 1849 from Lancaster, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Belk
by Furr, J. Elizabeth. Charlotte-based Belk, Inc., the nation's largest privately owned department store organization, began in Monroe in 1888 as one small store named the New York Racket. The 25-year-old founder, William [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Burlington Industries
by Troxler, George W. In 1923 J. Spencer Love founded a textile company located on the outskirts of Burlington. Love and his father contributed $50,000 worth of machinery from a previously owned mill and $200,000 from the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cannon Mills
by Cherry, Kevin. Cannon Mills, producer of all-purpose cloth and kitchen, bathroom, and bedroom textile products, was founded by James William Cannon, a 35-year-old cotton broker and general merchandiser, in 1887 in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cannon, Charles Albert
by Krieger, Marvin. Charles Albert Cannon, textile manufacturer, was born in Concord, one of ten children and the youngest of six sons born to James William Cannon, who founded Cannon Mills, and Mary Ella Bost [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cannon, James William
by Glass, Brent D. James William Cannon, textile manufacturer, was born near Sugaw Creek Church in Mecklenburg County. His father was Joseph Allison Cannon and his mother, Eliza Long. As a boy he worked on his father's [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Chatham Manufacturing Company
by Hunt, James L. Chatham Manufacturing Company by James L. Hunt, 2006 Chatham Manufacturing Company, one of North Carolina's oldest textile firms, was established in the late 1860s, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Chatham, Alexander
by Stafford, Garland R. Alexander Chatham, merchant, farmer, and industrialist, was born near Wilkesboro of English ancestry. His father, Martin Chatham, had come from Augusta County, Va., and located in Wilkes County in [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Child Labor
by Korstad, Robert. Child Labor by Robert Korstad Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 1999. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History Related entry: Childhood [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Child Labor
by Reimer, Kirstin, Willard, George-Anne. North Carolina children have worked, often alongside their parents, on family farms or elsewhere since colonial times. As the South industrialized, children began to leave home to find work in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Clothing and Fashion
by Williams, Wiley J. Clothing and Fashion by Wiley J. Williams, 2006 Clothing and fashion styles during the colonial through pre-Civil War eras in North Carolina did not change as quickly as in modern times, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coleman Manufacturing Company
by Baker, Bruce E. The Coleman Manufacturing Company in Concord was the first black-owned cotton mill in the United States. Warren C. Coleman was born a slave in Cabarrus County on 25 Mar. 1849. At the age of 18, only [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coltrane, Daniel Branson
by Fox, Charlesanna L. Daniel Branson Coltrane, banker, industrialist, religious and educational leader, and Confederate veteran, was born in Randolph County in a two-room log house near Ebenezer Methodist Church and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cone Mills Corporation
by Stoesen, Alexander R. The Cone Mills Corporation was established in 1891 when brothers Moses and Caesar Cone decided to enter the textile business in the South, where for more than a decade they had been wholesale grocery [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cone, Cesar
by Powell, William S. Ceasar Cone, industrialist and philanthropist, was born in Jonesboro, Tenn., the son of Herman and Helen Guggenheimer Cone. The parents were natives of Bavaria, born about ten miles apart but [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cotton Mills
by Glass, Brent D. Cotton Mills by Brent D. Glass, 2006 See also: Schenck-Warlick [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dope Wagons
by Rankin, Richard. Dope wagons were carts laden with snacks and soft drinks that circulated through North Carolina and other southern textile mills to provide workers with food and beverages. The dope wagon's name was [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dyes and Dyeing
by Snow, Jean. Dyes and Dyeing by Jean Snow, 2006 Some knowledge of dyeing techniques and materials arrived in the region that would become North Carolina with the earliest European settlers, but since all [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Efird, Ireneus Polycarp
by Cauble, Frank P. Ireneus Polycarp Efird, farmer, schoolmaster, and textile manufacturer, was born in Montgomery County. A descendant of pioneer Jacob Efird who came to North Carolina from Pennsylvania abut 1783, he [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Efird, John Solomon Melanchthon
by Cauble, Frank P. John Solomon Melanchthon Efird, textile executive, was born on a farm near Albemarle. A son of Ireneus and Mary Catherine Treece Efird, he was christened John Solomon Melanchthon but later dropped [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Electric Power
by McGee, Barry. Electric Power by Barry McGee, 2006 See also: Carolina Power & Light Company; Duke Power Company; Nuclear Energy; Rural Electrification; Southern Power Company Electric power, at the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Erwin, Jesse Harper
by Roberts, B. W. C. Jesse Harper Erwin, textile executive, was born at the family estate, Bellevue, near Morganton, of Scotch-Irish ancestry. His father, Joseph J. Erwin, described as a "model of the old-time Southern [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Erwin, William Allen
by Terrill, Tom E. William Allen Erwin, textile manufacturer, was born in Burke County near Morganton. His father, Joseph J. Erwin, served Burke County as clerk of the superior court and as a member of the legislature. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Exports
by Wait, Douglas A. North Carolina has produced and transported commercial exports since its establishment as an English colony. The primary exports from the colony were products of the forest. By the 1720s naval [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Factory Cord
by Powell, William S. Factory Cord is identified as any cord or string not of home manufacture but produced at a factory or mill. The term was used prior to the Civil War in Piedmont North Carolina, where there were early [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Farm and Factory Struggles
by Bishop, RoAnn. By the 1920s, North Carolina had become the nation’s largest producer of cotton textiles and the leading industrial state in the Southeast. At the same time, it boasted more farms than every state [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Flying Squadrons
by Troxler, George W. Flying squadrons, or motorcades of union picketers, were first used widely in North Carolina by the United Textile Workers of America (UTWA) in the industry's massive General Textile Strike of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Foard, John Hanby
by Foard, John Hanby, Jr. John Hanby Foard, textile executive, manufacturer, museum director, and Civil War historian, was born in Wilmington, the fourth child of Charles Deems (1863–1951) and Florence Hanby (1875–1932) [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fries Manufacturing and Power Company
by Kirkman, Roger N. Fries Manufacturing and Power Company by Roger N. Kirkman, 2006 The Fries Manufacturing and Power Company was established in 1897 as a spinoff of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gaddy, Charles Winfred
by Gaddy, David Winfred. Charles Winfred Gaddy, textile pioneer, churchman, and civic leader, was born in Anson County, the second son in a family of eight. His father, George Washington Gaddy (1853–1912), was a tenant [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gastonia Strike
by Hill, Michael, Glass, Brent D. Gastonia Strike by Brent D. Glass and Michael Hill, 2006 See also: Violence, Group Gastonia Strike, the most notorious textile labor struggle in North Carolina history, occurred [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Glencoe
by Bumgarner, Sheila. Glencoe, named for a Scottish battle, in central Alamance County is the site of Glencoe Mill and Village, one of the best preserved mill communities in the state. Built between 1879 and 1880 by [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Great Falls Mills
by Bell, John L. Great Falls Mills, chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly on 10 Apr. 1869, was located in Rockingham (Richmond County) at the falls of Falling Creek and along railroads lines from [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hanes Brands
by Williams, Wiley J. In 1872 Pleasant Henderson Hanes organized P. H. Hanes Tobacco Company in partnership with a younger brother, John Wesley, and a Davie County friend, Maj. Thomas Jethro Brown. When the business [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hanes, James Gordon, Sr.
by Green, C. Sylvester. James Gordon Hanes, Sr., manufacturer and civic leader, was born in Salem, one of six sons of John Wesley and Anna Hodgin Hanes, and grandson of the first P. H. Hanes who moved to Salem in 1880 and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hanes, John Wesley
by Smith, Jas. Howell. John Wesley Hanes, industrialist and civic leader, was born in Fulton, Davie County. The Hanes family in the United States began with Philip Höhns (the phonetic spelling "Hanes" soon came into use) [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hanes, Pleasant Henderson
by Smith, Jas. Howell. Pleasant Henderson Hanes, manufacturer and civic leader, was born in Fulton, Davie County. A descendant of a Saxon family which spelled its name in various generations as Hoenes, Höhns, Haenes, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike
by York, Maury. Harriet-Henderson Cotton Mills Strike by Maurice C. York, 2006 See also: Gastonia Strike; Textile Strike of 1934 In 1895, with the financial assistance of local investors, brothers David Y. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Haynes, Raleigh Rutherford
by Crow, Mildred Martin. Raleigh Rutherford Haynes, textile manufacturer, the fourth child and oldest son of Charles H. and Sarah Walker Haynes, was born at Ferry, in Rutherford County. Charles Haynes, a landowner, teacher, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Headache Powders
by Cherry, Kevin. Headache powders, usually mixtures of aspirin and caffeine, are a form of pain reliever extremely popular in North Carolina and other southern states. Local pharmacists originally concocted their own [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, Donnell Shaw
by Gibson, John. Donnell Shaw Holt, president and chairman of the board of Cannon Mills, was born in a mill house 100 feet from the gate of Trevora Mills in Graham, the son of Glenna and Seymour Holt, who eventually [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, Edwin Michael
by Holt, Rachel Y. Edwin Michael Holt, industrial pioneer and planter, was one of six children born to Rachel Rainey and Michael Holt III in Orange (now Alamance) County. His father's ancestors had emigrated from [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, James Henry
by Stokes, Durward T. James Henry Holt, textile manufacturer, was born at Locust Grove, the home of his parents near the village of Alamance, in Alamance County. He was the son of Edwin Michael and Emily Farish Holt. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, Lawrence Shackleford
by Stokes, Durward T. Lawrence Shackleford Holt, textile manufacturer and capitalist, was born in Alamance County at Locust Grove, the home of his parents near the village of Alamance. He was the youngest of ten children [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, Walter Lawrence
by Holt, Rachel Y. Walter Lawrence Holt, leader in the textile industry, was the son of James Henry and Laura Cameron Holt. His father was a well known manufacturer, his mother was the daughter of a prominent Caswell [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Holt, William Edwin
by Holt, Rachel Y. William Edwin Holt, textile manufacturer and civic and religious leader, was born at Locust Grove in Alamance County, near the site where the Regulators fought in 1771. He was one of ten children [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Huffman, Robert Obediah
by Stroupe, Henry S. Robert Obediah Huffman, industrialist and businessman, was born in Morganton, the son of Samuel and Martha Ann Hildebrand Huffman. His father, a Morganton businessman, was one of five founders and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Industry Comes of Age: Tobacco, Textiles and Railroads, North Carolina 1870-1920
by Parramore, Thomas C., Watson, Harry L., Nathans, Sydney, Anderson, Jean Bradley, Clayton, Thomas H., Fenn, Elizabeth A., Wood, Peter H. By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. Edited by Joe A. Mobley. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
Johnson, Joe: Denim Days In Erwin
by Cecelski, David S. I visited with Joe Johnson a couple of blocks from the abandoned textile mill that was the town of Erwin's lifeblood. For nearly a century, Erwin Mills made denim cloth, and the town proudly called [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Jordan, Benjamin Everett
by Troxler, George W. Jordan, Benjamin Everett by George W. Troxler, 1988 8 Sept. 1896–15 Mar. 1974 See also:  Charles Edward Jordan (from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography) Benjamin [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Leake, Walter Francis
by Bingham, Warren L. Walter Francis Leake, lawyer, politician, and textile manufacturer, was born in Richmond County, the son of Walter and Judith Leake. Growing up in the county, he attended local schools and was [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Life in Textile Mill Villages
by Leloudis, James. Mill hands made their homes in villages owned by the men who employed them.  At the turn of the century 95 percent of southern textile families lived in factory housing. For these people, [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Linen
by Blethen, H. Tyler. Linen, woven from fibers obtained from the flax plant, was an important fabric in many European areas, especially in the northern Irish province of Ulster. Flax and linen products were initially [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Love, James Spencer
by Terrill, Thomas E. James Spencer Love, textile manufacturer and founder, president, and chairman of the board of Burlington Industries, was born in Cambridge, Mass., the son of James Lee and June Spencer Love. His [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Love, Robert Calvin Grier
by West, Walter Carr, III. Robert Calvin Grier Love, Gaston County textile pioneer, was born at or near Crowder's Creek (now Crowders, Gaston County), the fifth son and sixth of eight children of Andrew and Mary Wilson Love. [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 1: Introduction
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 2: Manufacturing in the Colonial and Antebellum Eras
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 3: Decline of Iron Production and the Effects of the Civil War
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 4: Postwar Struggles and the Growth of the Milling, Tobacco, and Textile Industries
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 5: Twentieth-Century Labor Problems, the Great Depression, and Economic Recovery
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Manufacturing- Part 6: New Industries, Increased Competition, and Diversification in the Modern Era
by Hall, Lisa Coston, deTreville, John R. Manufacturing by John R. deTreville, 2006 Additional research provided by Lisa Coston Hall. See also: Manufacturing (From NC Atlas Revisited); Manufacturing Table of Contents; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mcdonald, John: This Old Drugstore
by Cecelski, David S. McDonald's Drugstore has been on Ninth Street in Durham for more than 80 years. When I interviewed John McDonald, I asked him how things had changed over all that time. I guess I expected him to lay [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Mebane, Benjamin Franklin, Jr.
by Eagles, Brenda Marks. Benjamin Franklin Mebane, Jr., textile industrialist, was born in Mebansville, the son of Dr. Benjamin Franklin, of patent medicine fame, and Frances Lavinia Kerr Mebane. He was educated at the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Millis, James Edward
by Sievers, Carolyn A. James Edward Millis, industrialist and civic leader, was born in Guilford County, the son of pioneer industrialist James Henry Millis and his wife, Cornelia Walker. He attended Jule Weatherly's [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Myers, Albert Gallatin
by Martin, Sophie S. Albert Gallatin Myers, banker, insurance executive, and textile manufacturer, was born in Chesterfield County, S.C., the sixth of ten children of Stephen Huntley and Winifred Crump Myers. In 1889 his [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Paper Mills
by Williams, Wiley J., Stevenson, George, Roundtree, Lynn. The earliest North Carolina paper mill, erected in 1777 in Orange County by John Hulgan, was equipped with a water-powered stamper to pound rags to fiber. From 1777 to 1896, there were ten [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Paternalism
by Purcell, Gene. Paternalism by Gene Purcell, 2006 See also: Life in Textile Mill Villages; Cotton Mills; The Evolutions of Textile Mill Villages Paternalism, the controlling of all aspects of an employee's [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Quilts
by Lewis, Johanna Miller. Quilts, in textile terminology, consist of two layers of fabric, frequently with some form of batting or stuffing sandwiched between them, held together by ties or stitched designs. In early North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ragan, George Washington
by Selph, G. S. George Washington Ragan, textile manufacturer, was born in Gaston County, the son of Daniel Franklin and Harriet Frances Glenn Ragan. Self-educated, he is said to have joined in May 1864 the Junior [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rhodes, John Melancthon
by Cauble, Frank P. John Melancthon Rhodes, textile manufacturer, temperance leader, and patron of education, was born in Gaston County, four miles north of the town of Dallas. Of German ancestry, he was the son of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rhyne, Abel Peterson
by Cauble, Frank P. Abel Peterson Rhyne, textile manufacturer, Confederate soldier, and patron of education, was born on a farm near Mount Holly in Lincoln (now Gaston) County. Of German ancestry, he was a descendant of [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rhyne, Daniel Efird
by Cauble, Frank P. Daniel Efird Rhyne, textile manufacturer, banker, and philanthropist, was born on a farm in Gaston County near the town of Mount Holly. A son of Moses H. and Margaret Hoffman Rhyne, he was a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Robbins, Karl
by Bingham, Warren L. Karl Robbins, textile manufacturer and philanthropist, was born near Kiev, Russia, and in 1905 moved to New York, where his father had already been living for four years and operating a small [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rocky Mount Mills
by Norris, David A. Rocky Mount Mills by David A. Norris, 2006 See also: Cotton Mills Rocky Mount Mills was founded in Rocky Mount by Joel Battle and two partners in 1818. Its original facility was the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Schenck-Warlick Mill
by Barefoot, Daniel W. The Schenck-Warlick Mill, erected about 1814, was the first cotton mill built in North Carolina and an important factor in the emergence of the southern textile industry. Michael Schenck, a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Silk
by Norris, David A. Early travel writers and government officials speculated that the climate and soil of the land that would become North Carolina would readily support the growing of silkworms. The Carolina charter of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Smith, William Alexander
by Erwin, William R., Jr. William Alexander Smith, businessman, farmer, and local historian, was born in Anson County, the son of William Gaston Smith (1802–79), a planter, miller, merchant, magistrate, militia officer, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Spray Water Power and Land Company
by Butler, Lindley S. The Spray Water Power and Land Company, established in 1889 by James Turner Morehead, was a hydroelectric power, textile, and land development company that created the Spray industrial complex on the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Steele, John Hardy
by Brawley, James S. John Hardy Steele, designer and builder of textile machinery, was the first man to weave cotton cloth by waterpower in New Hampshire. He served his adopted state as governor for two terms and in 1833 [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stretch-Out
by Powell, William S. "Stretch-out" was a term applied by textile mill workers when additional production quotas were applied by their supervisors after a previous quota had been met. The workers were pressured to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Task System
by Williams, Wiley J. The task system, in which workers were paid not by the hours they worked but by the number and quality of specific tasks they performed, was common in the industrial economy of late [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Textile Mill Villages, Childhood in the
by Quinney, Valerie. Childhood in the Textile Mill Villages "Toys and Games: Good Times in a North Carolina Mill Village" by Valerie Quinney Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Textile Mill Villages, Evolution of
by Judkins, Bennett M., Lodge, Dorothy. Large-scale expansion of southern textile mills began in the 1880s. Many people left the farms and the mountains to begin work in these mills. Although they would have preferred to stay on their [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Textile Strike of 1934
by Davis, B.J. Textile Strike of 1934 "Walking Out: The Great Textile Strike of 1934" by B.J. Davis Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2010. Tar Heel Junior Historian [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Textiles- Part 1: Introduction
by Glass, Brent D., Purcell, Gene, Wait, Douglas A., Kress, Kelly. Textiles by Brent D. Glass and Kelly Kress, 2006 Additional research provided by Gene Purcell and Douglas A. Wait. See also: Burlington Industries; Cannon Mills; Chatham Manufacturing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Textiles- Part 2: The Rise of the North Carolina Textile Industry
by Glass, Brent D., Purcell, Gene, Wait, Douglas A., Kress, Kelly. Textiles by Brent D. Glass and Kelly Kress, 2006 Additional research provided by Gene Purcell and Douglas A. Wait. See also: Burlington Industries; Cannon Mills; Chatham Manufacturing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Textiles- Part 3: Mill Villages, Labor Disputes, and Twentieth-Century Technologies
by Glass, Brent D., Purcell, Gene, Wait, Douglas A., Kress, Kelly. Textiles by Brent D. Glass and Kelly Kress, 2006 Additional research provided by Gene Purcell and Douglas A. Wait. See also: Burlington Industries; Cannon Mills; Chatham Manufacturing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Textiles- Part 4: Decline, Consolidation, and the Future of Textiles in the State
by Glass, Brent D., Purcell, Gene, Wait, Douglas A., Kress, Kelly. Textiles by Brent D. Glass and Kelly Kress, 2006 Additional research provided by Gene Purcell and Douglas A. Wait. See also: Burlington Industries; Cannon Mills; Chatham Manufacturing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
The Rural World: North Carolina 1870-1920
by Parramore, Thomas C., Watson, Harry L., Nathans, Sydney, Anderson, Jean Bradley, Clayton, Thomas H., Fenn, Elizabeth A., Wood, Peter H. By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. Edited by Joe A. Mobley. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
Violence, Group
by Mazzocchi, Jay, O'Brien, Gail Williams. Violence, Group by Gail Williams O'Brien and Jay Mazzocchi, 2006 See also:"Death to the Klan" March; Gastonia Strike; Ku Klux Klan; Lowry Band; Lynching; Red Shirts; Regulator Movement; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Watts, George Washington
by Magruder, Nathaniel F. George Washington Watts, industrialist and philanthropist, was born in Cumberland, Md., the son of Gerard S. and Annie Wolvington Watts. In 1858 the family moved from Cumberland to Baltimore, where [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Weaving
by Lewis, Johanna Miller. Weaving, the process of producing textiles on a loom, in North Carolina dates back to the colonial period of the state's history. From that time into the early nineteenth century, weaving functioned [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wiggins, Ella May
by Frederickson, Mary E. Ella May Wiggins, textile worker, balladier, and union organizer, was born in the mountains of Cherokee County, near Bryson City, the daughter of James and Elizabeth Maples May. Her father, a [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williamson, James Nathaniel
by Bair, Anna Withers. James Nathaniel Williamson, cotton manufacturer, was born at Poplar Grove, the family plantation in Caswell County, the youngest child of Thomas and Frances Pannill Banks Farish Williamson. Thomas [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Williamson, James Nathaniel, Jr.
by Bair, Anna Withers. James Nathaniel Williamson, Jr., cotton manufacturer, was born at the family home in Graham, the second son of James Nathaniel and Mary Elizabeth Holt Williamson. His paternal grandfather, Thomas [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
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