Battles

Battles
African Americans Defend Washington
by Coffey, Michael W. During the siege of Washington in April 1863, Union troops armed African Americans to participate in the defense of the town. The incident is an early example in North Carolina of the shift [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Alamance Battleground
by Dalton, Bryan. On 16 May 1771 the North Carolina militia, under the command of royal governor William Tryon, defeated backcountry farmers known as the Regulators in a two-hour engagement at a site six miles south [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Alamance, Battle of
by Troxler, George W. Alamance, Battle of by George W. Troxler, 2006 See also: Johnston's Riot Act; Alamance Battleground The Regulator Movement, also known as the War of the Regulation, involved the violent [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Asheville, Battle of
by Inscoe, John C. Asheville, Battle of by John C. Inscoe, 2006 See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles One of the last Civil War actions, the Battle [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Battle of Averasboro
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. 1865, near the end of the Civil War. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's Union army of 60,000 men was moving [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Battle of Bentonville
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. The largest Civil War land engagement in North Carolina, the Battle of Bentonville took place during 19-21 Mar. 1865 in rural Johnston County. The encounter was one of the Confederacy's last attempts [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Battle of King's Mountain
by Yancey, Noel. The stunning victory won by a force of about 1,800 backcountry "Overmountain Men" over approximately 1,000 Tories at King's Mountain on 7 Oct. 1780 has been justly described as a key turning point in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Battle of Wyse Fork
by Barefoot, Daniel W. The Civil War battle of Wyse Fork, also known as the Battle of Southwest Creek, was a fierce engagement between Union and Confederate forces near Kinston on 8-10 Mar. 1865. The Union army of Maj. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Beaufort, Battle of
by Branch, Paul. Claimed by some to be the last engagement of the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Beaufort took place as a result of a British raid on the town in April 1782. The surrender of Lord Charles [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bentonville Battlefield
by Powell, William S. Bentonville Battlefield by William S. Powell, 2006 See also: Battle of Bentonville Bentonville Battlefield, a North Carolina State Historic Site located in southern Johnston County, consists [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bettis's Bridge, Battle of
by Butler, Lindley S., McKinnon, Henry A., Jr. Bettis's Bridge (also known as Betti's or Beattie's Bridge), located near the present crossing of the Lumber River (formerly Drowning Creek) by U.S. Highway 401 between Raeford and Wagram at the Hoke [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Boon's Mill, Battle of
by Kiger, Fred W. Located in Northampton County, Boon's (or Boone's) Mill was the site of a Civil War Federal repulse by Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. Matt W. Ransom on 28 July 1863. Boon's Mill was situated on [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bruce's Cross Roads, Battle of
by Barefoot, Daniel W. Bruce's Cross Roads, located in northern Guilford County in the present community of Summerfield, was the site of a Revolutionary War skirmish on 12 Feb. 1781 between American forces commanded by Lt. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cabarrus Black Boys
by Powell, William S. The Cabarrus Black Boys were nine young men from Rowan and Mecklenburg (later Cabarrus) Counties who took part in an infamous raid against a royal governmental military convoy during the Regulator [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Charlotte, Battle of
by Norris, David A., Barefoot, Daniel W. On 26 Sept. 1780 the Revolutionary War battle at Charlotte pitted the British troops of Lord Charles Cornwallis against a greatly outnumbered but surprisingly combative force of North Carolina [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Clapp's Mill, Battle of
by Hill, Michael. Near Clapp’s Mill on Beaver Creek not far from the Alamance battlefield, Col. Henry Lee’s Legion, supported by local militia and some Catawba Indians, surprised the mounted cavalry of Lt. Col. [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Cowan's Ford, Battle of
by Cross, Jerry L. Cowan's Ford, Battle of by Jerry L. Cross, 2006 The Battle of Cowan's Ford, which took place in northwestern Mecklenburg County, was a Revolutionary War action [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cowpens, Battle of
by Hughes, Nathaniel C., Jr. The Battle of Cowpens took place on 17 Jan. 1781 near Spartanburg, S.C. To reverse the appalling pattern of defeat in the South during the American Revolution, Gen. George Washington appointed Gen. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Deep Creek, Battle of
by Anderson, William L. the battle of deep creek, also called the battle of quallatown, was a civil war engagement that occurred on 2 feb. 1864. union troops from the 14th illinois cavalry under maj. francis m. davidson [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Earle's Ford, Battle of
by Hairr, John. The Revolutionary War battle of Earle's Ford occurred on 15 July 1780 in western South Carolina adjacent to the far southern end of present-day Polk County. On 13 July 1780 Col. John Jones of Georgia [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Elizabeth City, Battle of
by Branch, Paul. The Battle of Elizabeth City, also known as the Battle of Cobb's Point, was a Civil War engagement between Union and Confederate gunboats on the Pasquotank River in February 1862. Flag Officer [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Elizabethtown, Battle of
by Tetterton, Beverly. The Battle of Elizabethtown, which took place on or around 27 Aug. 1781 and essentially crushed the Tories' sway in the North Carolina's Cape Fear region, involved one of the great ruses in the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Etchoe, Battle of
by Anderson, William L. The Battle of Etchoe took place during the Cherokee War of 1760-61 between the Cherokee and the English. That war, a subconflict within the French and Indian War, began when whites murdered a number [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fort Fisher, Battle of
by Faulkner, Ronnie W. The Civil War battle at Fort Fisher consisted of two separate expeditions against the formidable Confederate fortification near the mouth of the Cape Fear River on 24-27 Dec. 1864 and 12-15 Jan. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Foster's Raid
by Blair, Dan. Foster's Raid by Dan Blair, 2006 See also: Battle of Kinston; Battle of Whitehall; Civil War In December 1862, with the Civil War in its second year, Brig. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Free Bridge, Battle of
by Farnham, Thomas J. The Battle of Free Bridge, a Civil War engagement sometimes called the Battle of Comfort or the Battle of Quaker Bridge, occurred on 6 July 1863. Two days earlier, Gen. C. A. Heckman, commander of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gettysburg, Battle of
by Belton, Tom. Gettysburg, Battle of by Tom Belton, 2006 See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles From the time the first Confederate troops [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gum Swamp, First and Second Battles of
by Williams, Wiley J. The two Civil War battles at Gum Swamp occurred in April and May 1863. Companies B, D, and F of the 56th North Carolina Regiment were sent down the Lower Trent Road to a picket post on the Trent [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Hatteras Inlet, Battle of
by Blair, Dan. Hatteras Inlet, Battle of by Dan Blair, 2006 See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles In late August 1861 the Federal victory in the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kinston, Battle of
by Blair, Dan. The Civil War battle at Kinston on 13-14 Dec. 1862 was the first major Confederate opposition to the advance of Brig. Gen. John G. Foster to Goldsboro. Foster led a force of about 10,000 infantry, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
MacDonald, Flora
by Smith, Maud Thomas. MacDonald, Flora by Maud Thomas Smith, 1991 1722–5 Mar. 1790 See also:  Flora MacDonald Homesite (from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina); Flora MacDonald (from the Tar Heel Junior [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
McIntyre's Farm, Battle of
by Norris, David A. Also known as the Battle of the Bees, the Battle of McIntyre's Farm was a Revolutionary War skirmish fought on 3 October 1780 in Mecklenburg County. When British commander Lord Charles Cornwallis [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New Bern, Battle of
by Branch, Paul. The Civil War battle at New Bern occurred on 14 Mar. 1862 between the Union forces of Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside and Confederate troops under Brig. Gen. Lawrence O. Branch. In February 1862 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New Bern, Confederate Expeditions against
by Branch, Paul. The Union capture of New Bern in March 1862 was a severe blow to the Confederacy. The second-largest town in North Carolina and an important railroad and river trade center, New Bern became a base [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New Garden, Battle of
by Butler, Lindley S. The Battle of New Garden was a series of Revolutionary War clashes that took place on the morning of 15 Mar. 1781 immediately preceding the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. The battle began just after [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New River, Battle of
by Kimball, L. J. New River, Battle of by L. J. Kimball, 2006 See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles The Civil War engagement called the Battle of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
by Hairr, John. The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail runs from Abingdon, Va., to the Kings Mountain National Military Park in South Carolina, crossing parts of Tennessee and North Carolina. A separate [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Plymouth, Battle of
by Blair, Dan. The Battle of Plymouth, the most effective Confederate combined-arms operation of the Civil War, was waged in April 1864. Two years earlier, in May 1862, Union forces had occupied Plymouth, near the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Potecasi Creek, Battle of
by Parramore, Thomas C. The Battle of Potecasi Creek, also called the Battle of Mount Tabor Church, was a Civil War skirmish in Hertford County that occurred on 26 July 1863, while elements of Maj. Gen. John G. Foster's [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Raft Swamp, Engagement at
by Butler, Lindley S. Raft Swamp was a notorious Loyalist refuge during the American Revolution and the site of the most important action of the Wilmington campaign. On 15 Oct. 1781, in the course of Gen. Griffith [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ramsour's Mill, Battle of
by Barefoot, Daniel W. The Revolutionary War battle at Ramsour's Mill in Lincoln County took place on 20 June 1780. With the American surrender of Charles Towne (present-day Charleston, S.C.) on 12 May 1780, British [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rawls's Mill, Battle of
by Williams, Wiley J. The Civil War battle at Rawls's Mill in Martin County took place on 2 Nov. 1862. Maj. Gen. John G. Foster, commander of Union forces in North Carolina, was leading his 5,000 soldiers from Washington, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Roanoke Island, Battle of
by Branch, Paul. In February 1862 a Civil War battle was fought at Roanoke Island, situated in the narrow passage of water between Pamlico and Albemarle Sounds. With Union forces in possession of Hatteras Inlet since [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rockfish, Battle of
by Tetterton, Beverly. Rockfish, Battle of by Beverly Tetterton, 2006 The Revolutionary War engagement called the Battle of Rockfish took place on 2 Aug. 1781 at Rockfish Creek, about one mile south of the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
South Mills, Battle of
by Branch, Paul, Norris, Thomas L., Jr. The Battle of South Mills, a Civil War engagement also known as the Battle of Sawyer's Lane and the Battle of Camden, occurred in Camden County on 19 Apr. 1862 at the south end of the Dismal Swamp [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
South Pacolet River, Battle of
by Bell, John L. The Battle of South Pacolet River, a Revolutionary War engagement, occurred along the North Carolina-South Carolina border on the night of 14-15 July 1780 as a result of Loyalist colonel Alexander [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stoga, John Astooga
by Powell, William S. Stoga, John Astooga by William S. Powell, 1994 d. 15 Sept. 1862 John Astooga Stoga, popular Cherokee [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sugar Creek, War of
by Whittenburg, James P. In the spring of 1765, men from the Sugar Creek and Reedy Creek neighborhoods in newly created Mecklenburg County attacked a crew surveying plantations on approximately 1.2 million acres granted to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Swan's Quarter, Battle of
by Davis, Charles C. The Civil War battle at Swan's Quarter occurred on 3 Mar. 1863 during a Union expedition led by Capt. Colin Richardson. His command included Company G from the 1st North Carolina Infantry (U.S.). [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Torrence's Tavern
by Hairr, John. Torrence's Tavern, located ten miles east of Beattie's Ford across the Catawba River on the road to Salisbury in present-day Iredell County, was the site of a stinging Revolutionary War defeat that [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Trenton, Battle of
by Farnham, Thomas J. The Civil War action known as the Battle of Trenton, generally considered a skirmish, occurred on 6 Dec. 1863 in Jones County on the banks of Chinquapin Creek, about six miles west of Trenton. The [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wade, Thomas
by Dalton, Carol E. Thomas Wade, merchant, Revolutionary soldier, and legislator, was born possibly in Craven County. His father was probably the English immigrant John Wade. About 1743 Thomas Wade married Jane Boggan, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wahab's Plantation, Battle of
by Pope, David L. The Revolutionary War battle of Wahab's Plantation took place on 21 Sept. 1780 between present-day Monroe, N.C., and Lancaster, S.C. Earlier in the month the British army, commanded by Lord Charles [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
War of 1812
by Stick, David, Norris, David A. Disputes between the United States and Great Britain over neutrality laws, the impressment of American sailors by British warships, and the suspicion that the British were inciting Indian wars on the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wetzell's Mill, Battle of
by Hairr, John. The Battle of Wetzell's (or Whitsall's) Mill was a Revolutionary War engagement that took place in northeastern Guilford County on 6 Mar. 1781. Lord Charles Cornwallis made an attempt to cut off [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Whitehall, Battle of
by Williams, L. George. Whitehall, Battle of by L. George Williams, 2006 See: More on Civil War Battles from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina | More on Civil War Battles The Civil War battle of Whitehall [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
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