The first twenty years of the Jamestown colony were difficult; only about 20 percent of the earliest settlers survived. It was not only the problems that faced the colonists in the New World that led to this distressing statistic, but also a lack of preparation by those who chose to travel across the sea to begin life in the Virginia wilderness. Recognizing this as a threat to their hopes of a successful business venture -- more settlers meant more money -- the Virginia Company published this broadside, or poster, to educate settlers about the necessary materials to bring to Virginia.
The Inconveniences that have happened to some persons which have transported themselves from England to Virginia, without provisions necessary to sustaine themselves, hath greatly hindered the Progresse of that Noble Plantation: For prevention of the like disorders hereafter, that no man suffer either through ignorance or misinformation; it is thought requisite to publish this short Declaration: wherein is contayned a particular of such necessaries, as either private Families or single persons shall have cause to furnish themselves with, for their better support at their first landing in Virginia; whereby also greater numbers may receive in part directions how to provide themselves.
Apparell for one man and so after the rate for more
|One Knit woolen cap.||00||01||10|
|One sute of Canvase||07||06|
|One sute of Frize||10||00|
|One sute of Cloth||15||00|
|Three paire of Irish stockins||04|
|Foure pair of shooes||08||08|
|One paire of garters||00||10|
|One dozen pieces of ribbon or cord used to lace up items of clothing.||00||03|
|One paire of Canvase sheets||08||00|
|Seven Ells of Canvase, to make a In the colonial period, the word ?bed? would have referred to what we now call the mattress. and boulster, to be filled in Virginia||08||00|
|One In this usage, most likely a blanket or bed cover. for a bed in 8.S. which with the bed serving for two men, halfe is|
|Five Ells course Canvase, to make a bed at Sea for two men, to be filled with straw 4.S.||05||00|
|One coorse Rug at Sea for two men, will cost 6.S. is for one|
For a whole yeere for one man and so for more after the rate.
|Eight bushels of Meale||02||00||00|
|Two bushels of Pease at 3.S.||06||00|
|Two bushels of Oatmeale 4.S. 6.d.||09||00|
|One gallon of Aquavitae||02||06|
|One gallon of Oyle||03||06|
|Two gallons of Vinegar 1.S.||02||00|
For one man, but if halfe of your men have Armour it is sufficient, so that all have Guns. and Swords.
|One Armour compleat, light||17||00|
|One long Piece, five foot or five and a halfe, neere Musket bore||01||02|
|Twentie pound of Powder||18||00|
|Sixtie pound of shot or lead, Pistoll and Goose shot||05||00|
For a Family of sixe persons, and so after the rate for more.
|Five broad hoes. at 2.s. a piece||10|
|Five narrow howes at 16.d. a piece||06||08|
|Two broad Axes at 3.s. 8.d. a piece||07||04|
|Five felling Axes at 18.d. a piece||07||06|
|Two Steele Hand-sawes at 16.d. a piece||02||08|
|Two two-hand-sawes at 5.s. a piece||10|
|One whip-saw, set and filed with boxe, file and wrest||10|
|Two Hammers 12.d. a piece||02||00|
|Three shovels 18.d. a piece||04||06|
|Two Spades at 18.d. a piece||03|
|Two Augers 6.d. a piece||01||00|
|Six Chissels 6.d. a piece||03||00|
|Two percers stocked 4.d. a piece||00||08|
|Three gimblets 2.d. a piece||00||06|
|Two hatchets 21.d. a piece||03||06|
|Two froves to cleave Part of a wooden wall or palisade. 18.d.||03||00|
|Two hand-bills 20. A piece||03||00|
|One Grindestone 4.s.||04||00|
|Nailes of all sorts to the value of||02||00|
For a Family of six persons, and so for more or lesse after the rate.
|One Iron Pot||00||07|
|One large frying pan||02||06|
|One A metal rod to hold food as it cooks over a fire.||02|
|Platters, dishes, spoons of wood||04|
|For Sugar, Spice, and fruit at Sea for six men||00||12||06|
|So the full charge of apparell victuall, armes, tooles and household- stuffe, and after this rate for each person, will amoung unto about the sum of||12||10|
|The passage of each man is||06||00|
|The freight of these provisions for a man, will be about halfe a Tun, which is||01||10|
|So the whole charge will amount to about||20||00||00|
Nets, Hookes, Lines, and a Tent must be added if the number of people be greater, as also some Cows.. And this is the usuall proportion that the Virginia Company doe bestow upon their Tenants which they send.
Whosoever transports himselfe or any other at his owne charge unto Virginia, shall for each person so transported before Midsummer 1625 have to him and his heires for ever fifty Acres of Land upon a first, and fifty Acres upon a second division.