Governmental programs

Governmental programs
Airmail Service
by Crumbley, Tony L. Airmail Service by Tony L. Crumbley, 2006 Airmail service developed after the Wright brothers' first flight at Kill Devil Hill in 1903, as aviators began to anticipate airplanes' practical [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Appalachian Regional Commission
by Williams, Wiley J. The Appalachian Regional Development Act-the first of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society measures to be passed by Congress-was signed into law on 9 Mar. 1965. The act created the Appalachian [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Artificial Reefs
by Dough, Wynne. Artificial reefs have been used for decades in North Carolina waters to concentrate game fish by providing shelter for their prey, as shipwrecks and some natural formations do. Cities, counties, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Attorney General
by Williams, Wiley J. Attorney General is North Carolina's chief legal officer. The first attorney general in the Carolina colony was appointed in 1677 by the English Crown. In 1776 the office was made appointive by the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Audubon Society of North Carolina
by Orr, Oliver H., Jr. For a relatively brief period, the Audubon Society of North Carolina (ASNC) was perhaps the most important of the state Audubon societies formed as a part of the bird protection movement generated by [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bounties
by Towles, Louis P. Bounties, or grants, were implemented by Great Britain in the eighteenth century to encourage the production of vital or hard-to-obtain goods. Although rewards were given for the production of silk [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Brookings Institution
by Weaver, Robert D. The Brookings Institution, a private, nonprofit organization devoted to public policy analysis based in Washington, D.C., played an instrumental role in helping North Carolina cope with the effects [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolina Comments
by Crow, Jeffrey J. Carolina Comments began in 1952 as a newsletter of the North Carolina Department of Archives and History. The newsletter reported on historical activities in the department and around the state and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cemeteries, National and State
by Powell, William S., Tetterton, Beverly. North Carolina's four national cemeteries are located in New Bern, Raleigh, Salisbury, and Wilmington. From the end of the Civil War until the First World War, these cemeteries were often referred to [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coast Guard, U.S
by Stick, David, Branch, Paul. Coast Guard, U.S by David Stick, 2006 Additional research provided by Paul Branch. See also: Lifesaving Service, U.S.; Submarine Attacks; Fort Macon; The U.S. Coast Guard has figured [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Colonial and State Records
by Cain, Robert J. The basic documents of North Carolina's history from 1662 to 1790 were reproduced in two state-sponsored publications, the Colonial Records of North Carolina and the State Records of North Carolina. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Commission of Indian Affairs
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs was created by the 1971 General Assembly as a response to requests of concerned Indian citizens. Among the important concerns of the commission were [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Convict Labor
by Mancini, Matthew J. Convict labor and convict leasing, the practice of using convicts for work in the public or private sector, was common throughout the South after the Civil War. Its history in North Carolina was [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Counterfeiting
by Norris, David A. Counterfeiting plagued North Carolina throughout its early history, with criminals making and passing fraudulent coins even before the colony issued its own money. North Carolina distributed its [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Driver's Licenses
by Powell, William S. Driver's licenses became mandatory in North Carolina with the passage of the Uniform Driver's License Act, introduced in the General Assembly in January 1935 by Senator Carroll W. Weathers after a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
El vegetal del estado
by . Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. La propiedad literaria 2011 por la Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Departamento de Recursos Culturale de [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Federal Writers' Project
by Hill, Michael. The Federal Writers' Project (FWP), a New Deal program that from 1935 to 1942 hired unemployed newspapermen, librarians, historians, novelists, and poets, was a component of the Works Progress [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fire Departments
by Mazzocchi, Jay, Fulghum, R. Neil. Fire departments in North Carolina cities and towns have advanced from sincere but often ineffective community efforts to highly equipped governmental agencies employing numerous professional [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Foard, Frederick Theophilus, Jr.
by Foard, John Hanby, Jr. Frederick Theophilus Foard, Jr., physician and U.S. Public Health director, was born in the Vale section of Bandy Township, Catawba County, the fourth child of Dr. Frederick Theophilus (1855–1933) [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Giles, Denise: Places In The Heart A Hometown Hero
by Cecelski, David S. Denise Giles has come a long way since the days when she was homeless in Fayetteville and peddling her own blood to buy groceries. Getting off the streets and out of 18 years of alcoholism, she [...] (from Listening to History, News and Observer.)
Goals and Policies Board
by Williams, Wiley J. In 1971 the General Assembly created the Council on State Goals and Policies to work with citizens "to identify the kind of future they want for themselves." In this long-range planning context, the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Historic Preservation
by Lamm, Alan K., Carpenter, Joanne G. During the 1930s North Carolina received federal money for historic preservation through the Works Progress Administration, part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. Federal funds permitted [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Historical Markers
by Hill, Michael. Historical markers in North Carolina are typically freestanding, silver-and-black cast aluminum signs on posts erected along roadsides, but they also include plaques and other forms of commemoration. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
History of the North Carolina Awards
by Rudersdorf, Amy, Agan, Kelly. History of the North Carolina Awards by Amy Rudersdorf, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2012; Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2014, 2015, 2016, [...] (from NCpedia.)
Homeland Security
by Mazzocchi, Jay. The tragic events of 11 Sept. 2001-during which approximately 3,000 people died when Islamic terrorists hijacked commercial airplanes and used them to strike the World Trade Center in New York City [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jones, Thomas
by Powell, William S. Thomas Jones, lawyer and colonial and state official, a native of Gloucestershire, England, was clerk of court in Chowan County in 1758. Because there were numerous men of the same name in the [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Literary Fund
by Lawson, Elmer. The Literary Fund was a term used in the nineteenth century to denote a financial account created to establish and maintain a rudimentary educational system. Each of the original colonies had such a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Live-at-Home Program
by Bell-Kite, Diana. The Live-at-Home program was a state-wide agricultural initiative that North Carolina Governor O. Max Gardner inaugurated upon taking office in 1929. Striving to combat rural poverty during a major [...] (from North Carolina Museum of History.)
Lowe, Dazelle Foster
by Pronovost, Emily, von der Heide, Mary. Lowe, Dazelle Foster By Mary von der Heide and Emily Pronovost, NCSU Libraries, 2007 Originally published in Green 'N' Growing, The History of Home Demonstration and 4-H Youth [...] (from NCSU Libraries.)
McKimmon, Jane Simpson
by Mcbride, Marie A. McKimmon, Jane Simpson by Marie A. Mcbride, 1991 13 Nov. 1867–1 Dec. 1957 See also: Jane S. McKimmon (from Tar Heel Junior Historian) Jane Simpson McKimmon, agricultural educator and [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mothball Fleet
by Tetterton, Beverly. The Mothball Fleet, the nickname for the U.S. Maritime Commission's reserve fleet, was located on the Brunswick River across from the city of Wilmington. Following World War II, Congress made the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
NASA Tracking Station in North Carolina
by Hill, Michael. North Carolina's NASA Tracking Station: Rosman Satellite Tracking and Data Acquisition Facility by Michael Hill Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Nickels for Know-How
by Norris, Thomas L., Jr. Nickels for Know-How was the title of a program created following World War II to support scientific research to improve crop production and farming methods. Established by legislative action in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Awards
by Humber, John L. The North Carolina Awards are the highest civilian honor given by the state. Established by the General Assembly in 1961, they were first conferred in May 1964 and have been granted annually since [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Library History: Transforming the Tar Heel State
by Case, Steven, Allen, Christy E., Agan, Kelly. North Carolina Library History By Christie Allen and Steve Case, 2008; Kelly Agan, 2014-2019   See also: Public Libraries; State Library; Carnegie Libraries; State Libraryof North [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
North Carolina Manual
by Williams, Wiley J. The North Carolina Manual was first published in 1874 by the North Carolina secretary of state as a volume of nearly 400 pages entitled Legislative Manual and Political Register of the State of North [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
North Carolina Natural Heritage Program
by Sorrell, Mickey Jo.   North Carolina Natural Heritage Program by Mickey Jo Sorrell, 2014. North Carolina’s Natural Heritage Program (NCNHP) was established in 1976, and is a unit of the Office of Land [...] (from NC Natural Heritage Program, NC Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources.)
Pogue, Joseph Ezekiel, Sr.
by . Joseph Ezekiel Pogue, Sr., tobacco manufacturer and Raleigh public official, was born September 13, 1851 in Rogersville Junction, Tennessee in Jefferson County, to Reverend John Pogue, a Methodist [...] (from North Carolina State University.)
Post Roads
by Stets, Robert J. Post roads were routes created to facilitate correspondence between America's European settlers and their home countries. The earliest record of an attempt to set up a post road in North Carolina is [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Quitrents
by Carpenter, Joanne G. Quitrents were small annual fees paid by a landowner in colonial North Carolina to the proprietor (or granter) who had conferred the holding. Rooted in the feudal system, quitrents were more closely [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rent Rolls
by Stevenson, George. Rent rolls were lists of landowners showing whether they had paid the annual quitrents owed the receiver general or were in arrears (behind in their payments). Since money from quitrents was under [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Rocketry Experiments
by Dough, Wynne. Rocketry experiments were conducted in two locations along the North Carolina coast from the 1940s to the 1970s. After World War II, the U.S. Navy leased much of Topsail Island (Pender County) as a [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Samarcand
by . Samarcand By Research Branch, North Carolina Office of Archives and History, 2006 https://www.ncdcr.gov/about/history/division-historical-resources/nc-highway-historical-marker-program/ See [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Utilities, Regulation of
by Hunt, James L. The regulation of utilities in North Carolina has always reflected the tension between the goals of private business and the needs of the public. It has been shaped by massive technological change, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Vital Statistics
by Kendrick, Kyle S. North Carolina recognized the need for birth and death records during the colonial period. A colonial act of 1715 required county officials to register births and deaths in their jurisdiction "till [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
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