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 Old Baldy Lighthouse


Reprinted with permission from the Old Baldy Foundation, Inc., 2008.


See also: Lighthouses; Cape Hatteras Lighthouse (from UNC-CH); Currituck Beach Lighthouse; Oak Island Lighthouse; The Roanoke River Lighthouse; Lightships; Lighthouses Map; Cape Lookout Light Station


Old Baldy lighthouse


Photo of Old Baldy lighthouse Old Baldy is the oldest standing lighthouse in North Carolina. It has maintained its original form and location for over 187 years. The most important purpose of Old Baldy was to mark the Cape Fear River entrance for the maritime sailors.  It was never intended as a light for Frying Pan Shoals.  Old Baldy was built in 1817 of soft red bricks covered with stucco.  In the early days the lighthouse keeper would white wash Old Baldy every two years. When Old Baldy was deactivated in 1935 the lighthouse was abandoned. The white wash protected the stucco. When it was discontinued large pieces of the stucco began to fall off the lighthouse. Occasionally someone would come along and patch the lighthouse with new stucco; however, they did not use the same stucco as was used in 1817.  Today Old Baldy looks like a patch work quilt of different stuccos.  In 1817 Old Baldy was completely white.


The original fixed light was powered by 15 lamps. It was built as a parabolic reflector with hollow wick lamps, fueled by whale oil, and arranged on a metal rack. Over the years, Old Baldy’s light has changed as a signal. In 1834, a new lighting mechanism was installed to flash red with a 30-second delay. During the Civil War, the lighthouse was encompassed within the earthwork walls of Fort Holmes, as 1,100 men were stationed and living at the fort under Old Baldy’s watchful gaze. Temporarily darkened, the light was relit in 1879.


In 1893, the flashing light of Old Baldy was changed to white and new lamps were installed. In1903, Old Baldy became a fourth order fixed light when the Cape Fear Lighthouse Station was activated. Old Baldy was kept as an active light station by the government until 1935, and was even used as a radio beacon in World War II. In 1988, the historic light was relit but no longer serves as an “official” navigational aid.


Today, Old Baldy Lighthouse and the adjacent reconstructed keeper’s cottage are open to the public. Throughout the year, you can take a ferry to Bald Head Island, and then climb to the top of Old Baldy. Every year during the first weekend in August, Pirates invade the island and Old Baldy in celebration of National Lighthouse Day. AARGH!!!


 


Old Baldy by the Numbers


Drawing of Old Baldy Lighthouse


- 108 stepsLamp and Reflector.


- 5 landings


- A ladder into the lanthorn (lantern room)


- 110 feet tall


- Walls 5' thick at the base


- Octagon base is 36' wide


- Octagon top is 14.6' wide


- One door


- Six windows


- 200th Birthday in 2017


 


 


Source:


The Story of Old Baldy Lighthouse. Article and images reprinted with permission from Old Baldy Foundation, Inc., 2008.


 


Additional Resources:


Old Baldy Foundation, Inc: https://www.oldbaldy.org/


Study of State uses of Smith Island, 1970. North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources Digital Collections.


Session laws and resolutions passed by the General Assembly [1987-1988]. North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources Digital Collections.


Old Baldy Lighthouse and the Smith Island Museum of History, Learn NC: https://soeportal.unc.edu/business-operations/edit/learn-nc-archive/


National Park Service, Old Baldy: https://www.nps.gov/maritime/inventories/lights/nc.htm


 


 

Origin - location: 

Comments

Comment: 

What are the visitor hours and the visitor tour schedule?

Comment: 

Hello, 

I think you should be able to find all that information on their website: https://www.oldbaldy.org/. 

Thanks!

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library

Comment: 

how do you get to bald head lighthouse

Comment: 

Hello, 

Their website should have information on directions: https://www.oldbaldy.org/. 

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library

Comment: 

Why was a lighthouse placed on bald Head Island

Comment: 

How far can Old Baldys light be seen

Comment: 

why is the light tilled to the side of the lighthouse

Comment: 

how many people go to the lighthouse a year

Comment: 

how many a year visit this site

Comment: 

jk just a joke

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