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Quick Facts and Information About North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, and it is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia and the Atlantic Ocean. This page lists some basic, quick facts about North Carolina and provides links to other useful information.

Map excerpt showing North Carolina in red. Map of the United States with North Carolina highlighted, by TUBS, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons.Quick Facts

Date North Carolina became a state: November 21, 1789 (12th state)

State Capital: Raleigh (Wake County)

Governor: Roy Cooper

State Motto: Esse Quam Videri: To be rather than to seem

State Song: The Old North State

State Colors: Red and Blue

State Bird: Cardinal

State Flower: Dogwood

State Name Origin and Nicknames: Carolina, the Tar Heel State, the Old North State

Economy, Gross Domestic Product: $575,605,000,000 (2018, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Population Estimate: 10,551,162 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2021)  (visit the U.S. Census Quick Facts for more information)

Population Rank: 9th largest state in the United States

Largest City (Population): Charlotte -- 830,258 (North Carolina Office of Budget and Management, 2016)

Total Land Area: 48,617.91 square miles

Land Area Rank: 28th largest state in the United States by land area

Number of Counties: 100

Highest Point in North Carolina: Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet)

Distance Between Murphy (west) and Manteo (east): 546 miles (driving); 474.5 miles (direct, "as the crow flies")

Length by Width: North Carolina is 503 miles long by 150 miles wide

Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives: 13

Seats in the N.C. General Assembly: 120 members in the House; 50 members in the Senate. Find your state legislators at

Links to useful information

North Carolina State Constitution

North Carolina State Government Website

North Carolina County and Municipal Population Estimates (NC Office of Budget and Management)

Locate US Representatives for North Carolina (U.S. House of Representatives website)

Locate US Senators for North Carolina (U.S. Senate website)

North Carolina General Assembly website (NC State Legislature)

North Carolina Voter Information: North Carolina State Board of Elections

North Carolina State Symbols and other Official Adoptions (NCpedia article)

Crime Statistics (NC State Bureau of Investigation)

Public Education Information: Reports and Statistics (NC Public Schools)

U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts for North Carolina

North Carolina Economy at a Glance (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2019)

North Carolina Agricultural Statistics (NC Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2018)

NC LINC (NC Office of Budget and Management: population, labor, education, transportation, agriculture, and other data for NC)

Updated July 2019

Image credit: 

TUBS. North Carolina in United States. CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons, (accessed October 2, 2016).




where can i find the nc state political system division ie. district, county, state, etc

Comment response:

If you are looking for information about districts for Representatives and Senators in the North Carolina General Assembly, there is some information on their website.

Information about the 2011 redistricting may also be found at

If you need additional information, we are happy to help. Just let us know what questions you have. You may send an email directly to Reference Services at the NC Government & Heritage Library. Their contact information may be found at

Good luck in your research, and thank you for contacting us.

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library



I couldn't find the info i needed most,how settlers were able to obtain the new territory. So, i went to different sites, it wasn't in any of those either. Can you help me(I'm in 5th grade)?

Comment response:

I hope these three entries in NCpedia may help you:

In North Carolina, people just came and started setting up towns. As you can read in the entries above, this caused conflict. It also caused some other problems for the American Indians who were here. This entry discusses that:

Is this the time period you are looking for, and the kind of information you are looking for? If not, just contact us at the email address listed on this page:


Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library.


I am a DJ and did a show in North Carolina one time. It is a very nice place to visit.Cant wait to go back.


me to


I can't find some of the information that I need on here. I'm doing a project and I can't find the founder of NC or when it was established. I also need to know some of the economic resources and I can't seem to find that, either. ._.


Are you asking when NC became a colony? If so, these are two essays talk about North Carolina before it became a state:, The date it became a state is listed above, on this page.

For information on economic resources, I'd recommend checking the NC Atlas Revisited essay on North Carolina's economy at

I hope this helps!

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library



Hey Michelle, i mean i want some REALLLLLYYYYY AWESOME facts about nc. like, anything that was invented there, and more interesting state stuff. puLEEEEEEZ help me find these, mk? -pleez reply


wow ok I will




Of course, what I think is interesting or awesome may not seem interesting or awesome to you. However, I think these things are cool:

Inventors and inventions in NC

Largest and smallest towns in NC

Interesting places in NC:

1st colony:

There are also a few legends in NC

I hope these help!

Michelle Czaikowski, Government & Heritage Library

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