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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Salisbury Arsenal

by Louis A. Brown, 2006

See also: Confederate Prison (Salisbury)Nathaniel Boyden, ca. 1860-1875. Image courtesy of Library of Congress.

The Confederate Arsenal at Salisbury was functional as early as 1863. By that time a foundry, built by Nathaniel Boyden for the manufacture of agricultural machinery, had been converted to produce war munitions such as cannons, guns, and other arms. In the spring of 1863, the Confederate Medical Department added to the arsenal by purchasing a distillery at Salisbury that consisted of 25 acres, a 60-horsepower steam engine, a three-story rectifying house, a malt house, and a cooper shop along with three comfortable dwelling houses.

By 1864 the original foundry was producing horseshoes and shells for Parrott guns, and in February the Confederacy established a Niter and Mining Bureau at Salisbury. In August 1864 the Confederate Congress officially named the buildings the Confederate Arsenal at Salisbury. The arsenal was destroyed by Maj. Gen. George H. Stoneman and his Union troops on 12-13 Apr. 1865.




Louis A. Brown, The Salisbury Prison: A Case Study of Confederate Military Prisons, 1861-1865 (1980).

Additional Resources:

U.S. Arsensal, NC Highway Historical Marker I-2:

George H. Stoneman, NC Highway Historical Marker M-10:

Image Credit:

Nathaniel Boyden, ca. 1860-1875. Image courtesy of Library of Congress. Available from (accessed October 9, 2012).

Origin - location: 



Always wanting to learn what I can about the Salisbury NC Arsenal & Foundry. My Great, Great Grandfather was Giles Thomas Glascock, who was in the foundry business as early as 1860 at the age of 15 in Virginia. He joined the Confederate Army in March 1863 and was later assigned to the Salisbury Arsenal. After the Civil War, Giles would move to Greensboro N.C. He worked for several foundries, in 1873 G.T. Glascock & C. A. Hege started the Salem Agriculture Works in Salem, N.C. A year later 1874 he would start his own foundry in Greensboro, making wood & coal stoves, plus other cast iron items, the company would become the Glascock Stove & Manufacturing Company. Giles would name one of his sons Thomas Addison Glascock; we think he used the Addison name in honor of Capt. Addison G. Brenizer who was Commander of the Salisbury Arsenal. - ** If anyone has information on this foundry or anything Glascock related, you can contact me through my Glascock Stove website. – THANK YOU!!


Hi Nollie,

Thanks for visiting NCpedia and taking time to share your family history and interest.

NCpedia doesn't have anything specifically about the Glascock family.  However, you may be interested in the contacting the Greensboro Historical Museum.  They have a collection of materials related to the family and foundry and may have other resources.  Here is a link to the collection page on their website:

Best wishes.

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

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