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by Carolyn Sparks Whittenburg and W. Keats Sparrow, 2006

French Protestant Huguenot Church. Image Courtesy of Library of Congress. Huguenots, persecuted French Protestants, first came to North Carolina around 1690, when a small group settled near the head of the Pamlico Sound at the point where the Tar River widens into the sound just west of Bath. Other French Protestants settled in Bath during the first decade of the eighteenth century, but there is little information on these early settlements. Another group of Huguenots migrated to the Trent River about 1707 from Mannakin Town, a settlement on the James River near present-day Richmond, Va. The Trent River settlement was founded by a French nobleman, Philippe de Richebourg, one of three ministers who had immigrated with other Huguenots to Virginia in 1699-1700.

The original founders of Mannakin-Daniel Coxe, an Englishman, and two Huguenots, the Marquis de la Muce and Charles de Sailly-had planned to sell some of Coxe's land along the North Carolina border to the French settlers. The Virginia Council, however, directed the settlers to colonize land near the falls of the James River and created King William Parish. By 1707 dissension had developed in the parish between Huguenot and English colonists. In that year de Richebourg first petitioned for a separate Huguenot parish and then later led a large part of the Huguenot group south. After leading Huguenots to North Carolina, de Richebourg himself joined another Huguenot colony, St. James Santee, in South Carolina. Early descriptions of the French Huguenot settlements in North Carolina come from the journal of explorer and surveyor John Lawson, A New Voyage to Carolina (1709).

Although Huguenots resided in 10 of the original 13 colonies, the number who came to this country was not large. Their absolute numbers were belied, however, by their considerable influence in shaping the new nation where their descendants played an important role in molding attitudes on such important areas of public interest as religious freedom, individual rights and liberties, scholarship, education, and representative government. John Adams, John Hancock, Thomas Jefferson, Paul Revere, and George Washington are but a few of the Huguenot descendants who contributed to the founding of the United States.

A number of early Huguenot settlers are represented by their direct descendants in the Huguenot Society of North Carolina, which was organized in Raleigh on 17 Oct. 1938 as a branch of the Founders of Mannakin in the Colony of Virginia. Mrs. James B. James of Greenville, who helped organize the society, served as the first president and arranged for Governor Clyde R. Hoey to be the speaker at the first annual assembly, held in March 1939 at the Sir Walter Hotel in Raleigh. The Huguenot Society remains an active organization dedicated to perpetuating the memory and preserving the principles and virtues of the Huguenots, commemorating the great events of Huguenot history, and collecting and preserving data and relics illustrative of that history. The society has designated the North Carolina Office of Archives and History as its archival repository.


Charles Washington Baird, History of the Huguenot Emigration to America (1973).

Jon Butler, The Huguenots in America: A Refugee People in New World Society (1983).

Jane Hawkes Liddell, "Why Huguenots Flocked to the Carolinas," in Peter Steven Gannon, ed., Huguenot Refugees in the Settling of Colonial America (1985).

George A. Rothrock, The Huguenots: A Biography of a Minority (1979).

Additional Resources:

Hugenot Society of America:

Image Credit:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C.O. Greene, Photographer April, 1940 SOUTHWEST ELEVATION. - French Protestant Huguenot Church, 136 Church Street, Charleston, Charleston County, SC. Image courtesy of Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA, reproduction #: HABS SC,10-CHAR,71--1.



I’m trying to get a more precise idea of where the 1690s community was but I find this description a bit confusing. The Tar River doesn’t widen into the Pamlico Sound west of Bath, or at all, it widens into the Pamlico River at Washington and that opens into the sound at the mouth of the Pungo River east of Bath. Do we have a good sense of where the Huegenots were compared to present day Washington? River Road?
Thanks for any information y’all can provide!


Hello Ryne,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and for leaving your comment. I have forwarded your inquiry to the staff of the SLNC Government & Heritage Library. You should receive an email shortly to provide further assistance.

Kind regards,

Molly Goldston, SLNC Government & Heritage Library


My family lived in and area that was first Buncombe county, then yancey county, then Madison. where andHow would I find tax maps from 1850-70 for that area?



Thanks for contacting NCpedia with your question.

Knowing which county they lived in (as it existed at the time) is especially helpful. Madison County was created in 1851 from parts of Yancey and Buncombe Counties and Yancey was created in 1833 from parts of Buncombe and Burke Counties. Burke and Buncombe Counties were both created in the later 1700s.

It’s also important to be aware of courthouse fires as the records at the time were kept in the courthouse. Buncombe County had fires in1830 and 1865. This could affect records available before Yancey was created. Yancey did not have courthouse fires, but many of their early records are missing for an unknown reason.

Any tax related records 1851 would be in Yancey or Buncombe County. Records 1851 and on would be in Madison County. For the time period in question, those records are located at the State Archives of North Carolina.

The bad news is that according to a publication by the State Archives called Guide to County Records, and the digital version known as County Records Guide do not show tax records for those counties before 1900. link:

Depending on what you hope to get from these tax maps, there may be other records than can help.

Thank you and I hope that helps.

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library


I would like to know if my Grandmother was descended from Huguenot. Her name was Gertrudd Adam's born in West Virginia but her ancestors were fromh North Carolina . Some English descent and Swedish


My grandfather, Alexander R. Berry was born 1911 and grew up in Bath, NC. The family tree indicates some French roots. Could you suggest any resources to I could look into for further information? Thank you.


Thanks for visiting NCpeida and asking a question. I am going to forward your request to our reference team. 

Erin Bradford, Government & Heritage Library


I am looking for more information regarding my ancestor Mathurin Guerin who - per my family notes owned property both inside the fort walls of Charlestown on Tradd street and who had a plantation up the Cooper. From the data I have, he died young but his children continued to try working rice in the area. I found a vellum book of 9 sermons in the Rice University Archive attributed to Mathurin Geurin written in English (however I wonder if this was not his son Mathurin Jr. who wrote these). I know that he came from St. Nazaire, Saintonge France and that his first wife Marie Nicholas, from Poitou, either died en route or shortly upon arrival in Charlestown. I have very little information beyond the pond about his life in France. My question is about how he died. I know that there were uprisings among the Indians in the area and wonder if he died in one of these.


Dear Judy,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and sharing your history and research question. It sounds like your research might take you to records for South Carolina. You may want to contact or visit collections there. Here is the website for the SC Dept. of Archives and History which might be a starting point --

Please let us know if you have additional questions and best of luck with your research!

Kelly Agan, NC Government & Heritage Library


Wondering if there might be information available about the name John Marion (Marrion, Merion) a French Huguenot who migrated to NC. His son, Bartholomew was the father of my direct descendant Adam Marion.

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