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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Winslow, Randolph

by William S. Powell, 1996

23 Oct. 1852–27 Feb. 1937

Photograph of Randolph Winslow, M.D., in the <i>Bulletin of the the University of Maryland School of Medicine, Vol. 1, No.1</i>, June 1916.  Presented on Randolph Winslow, surgeon and educator, was born in Hertford, Perquimans County, to Dr. Caleb and Jane Paxson Parry Winslow. He attended Rugby Academy in Baltimore and in 1871 was graduated from Haverford College, from which he also received the customary master's degree in 1874. After obtaining an M.D. degree from the University of Maryland in 1873, he undertook additional study and training at the University of Pennsylvania and abroad in Berlin, Vienna, and Paris.

Winslow became a member of the teaching staff of the University of Maryland Medical School as assistant demonstrator of anatomy and rose through various positions to become chairman of surgery in 1902. He was one of the founders of the Woman's Medical College, Baltimore, where he also was professor of surgery (1882–93) and dean (1890–92). Additionally, in 1884 he held the chair of operative surgery and topographic anatomy at the Baltimore Polyclinic. He was on the surgical staff of a number of hospitals as well as a school for boys and an orphanage in Baltimore. A pioneer in performing several new operations in Maryland, he was among the first, if not actually the first, to introduce antiseptic surgery in Maryland.

Winslow was an active member of national, regional, and state medical societies, in which he held offices and contributed numerous important papers to their journals. He was a member of the North Carolina Society in Baltimore of which he once was an officer. In 1913 he was a founder of the American College of Surgeons and became a Fellow.

His role at the University of Maryland was an important one—it was largely through his efforts that the university hospital was built, and under his leadership the medical course was increased from two to three years and then to four. He was a regent of the university from 1891 to 1920 and on the board of trustees of the endowment funds of the university. He also served for twenty years on the executive council of the Association of American Medical Colleges.

In 1877 Winslow married Rebecca Fayssoux Leiper of Chester, Pa. Her great-grandfather, Dr. Peter Fayssoux of Charleston, S.C., had been surgeon general of South Carolina during the American Revolution. The Winslows had thirteen children: Nathan, John Leiper, FitzRandolph, Edwards Fayssoux, Mary Fayssoux, Jane Parry, Caleb, Eliza Leiper, George Leiper, Oliver Parry, Richard Randolph Parry, St. Clair Spruill, and Callender Fayssoux. A birth-right Quaker, Dr. Winslow died in Baltimore and was buried in the Friends' Harford Road Burying Ground.


Nat. Cyc. Am. Biog., vol. 28 (1940 [portrait]).

University of Maryland, Bulletin of the School of Medicine, vol. 21 (April 1937 [portrait]).

Who Was Who in America, vol. 4 (1968).

Additional Resources:

Haverford College. Alumni Association. Biographical catalogue of the matriculates of Haverford College : together with lists of the members of the college faculty and the managers, officers and recipients of honorary degrees, 1833-1922. Philadelphia : Printed for the Alumni association, 1922. 1922. (accessed January 7, 2014).

"Randolph Winslow 1852-1937."  <i>The Annals of Surgery</i> Vol. 106(5), 955-956. 1937. (accessed January 7, 2014).

Finding Aid of the Caleb Winslow Family Papers, 1712-1941. State Archives of North Carolina. (accessed January 7, 2014).

Image Credits:

Bulletin of the University of Maryland School of Medicine 1916-1917. 1917. (accessed January 7, 2014).

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