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This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Latham, Louis Charles

11 Sept. 1840–16 Oct. 1895

Engraved portrait of Louise Charles Latham, from Phineas Camp Headley's <i>Public Men of To-Day</i>, p. 464, published 1882 by S. S. Scranton & Company, Hartford, C.T.  Presented on Archive.org. Louis Charles Latham, Confederate officer, congressman, and attorney, was born in Plymouth, the son of Charles and Ann Taylor Walker Latham. He was graduated with honors at age nineteen from The University of North Carolina, ranking second in his class. After reading law for a short while under Judge Asa Biggs, he studied law at Harvard during the year 1859–60. With the approach of the Civil War he returned home and on 20 May 1861, the day North Carolina seceded from the Union, he was named captain of a company in the First Regiment. Wounded at the Battle of Sharpsburg, he soon became major of the regiment and was regimental commander at Chancellorsville; wounded at the Wilderness on 5 May 1864, he returned home to recover and while there was elected to the North Carolina Senate. Before beginning his legislative duties, however, he returned to the army and was present when General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox. He then served in the legislative sessions between November 1865 and March 1866. Resuming his law studies, he was licensed to practice. In 1870–72 he again served in the state senate and for a time presided in the absence of the president. In 1875 he moved from Plymouth to Greenville.

Latham was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress in 1872, 1874, and 1878 but was nominated and elected in 1880. He served in the House of Representatives during the years 1881–83 but was defeated for reelection in 1882. Again a candidate, he was elected in 1886 and served a second term in 1887–89. Retiring from politics thereafter, he came to be recognized as one of the most able and eloquent lawyers in the state.

Married first to Annie Norcom of Plymouth, Latham was the father of a daughter, Camille. His second wife was Lavinia Emilia Monteiro of Richmond, Va., and they were the parents of Louise, Charles, Louis, and Andrew. A Democrat and a Methodist, Latham died in Baltimore, Md., following an operation and was buried in the Episcopal cemetery, Greenville.

References:

John L. Cheney, Jr., ed., North Carolina Government, 1585–1979 (1981).

Jerome Dowd, Sketches of Prominent Living North Carolinians (1888). https://archive.org/details/sketchesofpromin00dowd (accessed July 25, 2014).

Henry T. King, Sketches of Pitt County (1911). https://archive.org/details/sketchesofpittco00king (accessed July 25, 2014).

William S. Powell, The First State University: A Pictorial History of the University of North Carolina (1979 [portraits]).

Additional Resources:

"Latham, Louis Charles, (1840 - 1895)." Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Washington, D.C.: The Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=L000109 (accessed July 25, 2014).

Headley, P. C. (Phineas Camp). Public men of to-day. Hartford: S.S. Scranton. 1882. 464. https://archive.org/stream/publicmentodayb00headgoog#page/n474/mode/2up (accessed July 25, 2014).

Image Credits:

Headley, P. C. (Phineas Camp). Public men of to-day. Hartford: S.S. Scranton. 1882.  464. https://archive.org/stream/publicmentodayb00headgoog#page/n474/mode/2up (accessed July 25, 2014).

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