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Pilot Mountain State Park

North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015

Established: 1968
GPS Coordinates: 36.341276,-80.462938
Size: 3,663 acres

See also: Exploring North Carolina: North Carolina State Parks, Trails, Lakes, Rivers & Natural Areas

A topographic map of Pilot Mountain Park. A legend in the left top corner define what symbols denote. Mountaintops are labeled Little Pinnacle and Big Pinnacle.History of the area

Like the rocky escarpments in nearby Hanging Rock State Park, Pilot Mountain is a remnant of the ancient Sauratown Mountains. A quartzite monadnock, this rugged mountain rock has survived for millions of years while the elements have eroded surrounding peaks to a rolling plain. Pilot Mountain is capped by two prominent pinnacles. Big Pinnacle, with walls of bare rock and a rounded top covered by vegetation, rises 1,400 feet above the valley floor, the knob jutting skyward more than 200 feet from its base. Big Pinnacle is connected to Little Pinnacle by a narrow saddle. Visitors have easy access to the top of Little Pinnacle where the view encompasses hundreds of square miles of the Piedmont and the nearby mountains of North Carolina and Virginia.

To the native Saura Indians, the earliest known inhabitants of the region, Pilot Mountain was known as Jomeokee, the "Great Guide" or "Pilot." It guided both Native Americans and early European hunters along a north-south path through the area. The Sauras were driven southward by the Cherokees, who subsequently occupied the area. Further settlement in the area was led by Moravians, but the population remained sparse during colonial times due to frontier turbulence created by an alliance between the Cherokees and the British.

The mountain was mapped in 1751 by Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson, father of President Thomas Jefferson.

Pilot Mountain. Sepia print. The mountain is in the background and a grassy area and a tree are in the foreground.Park History

Pilot Mountain became North Carolina's 14th state park in 1968, due in large part to the efforts of a group of local citizens. Prior to that time, the mountain was a commercial tourist attraction. The Pilot Mountain Preservation and Park Committee proposed the establishment of Pilot Mountain as a state park in order to protect it and the surrounding area from further commercial development. Working with the conservation-minded owner of the property, Mrs. J.W. Beasley, the group secured options on the land and raised matching funds that made it possible to purchase the land with federal grants. In further support of the park, the committee acquired more than 1,000 acres of land along the Yadkin River that were added to the park in 1970. Additional acreage was later acquired, bringing the park to its present size of approximately 3,700 acres.

The Yadkin River section of the park surrounds a portion of the river and is located to the south of the Pilot Mountain facility. The Horne Creek Farm state historic site is located on land adjacent to the north eastern corner of this section of the park. The farm is currently being restored to appear as it did in 1900, with an educational center dedicated to preserving North Carolina's rural heritage.

Park Ecology

The vegetation in the park is similar to that found in mountain habitats such as those in the Blue Ridge Mountains. More than 70 families of vascular plants grow on and around Pilot Mountain. In late spring, the Big Pinnacle is ringed with the bright pink blooms of Catawba rhododendron. Also abundant is mountain laurel, distinguished by its leathery evergreen leaves and showy clusters of white flowers. Typical trees include the chestnut oak, table mountain pine and pitch pine. Wild blueberry, huckleberry and grape can be spotted along the trails.


North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation. Pilot Mountain State Park. October 25, 2023).

Additional Resources:

Resources on Pilot Mountain State Park, North Carolina Digital Collections,|AND&searchtypes=Full%20text|Metadata&applyState=true (accessed December 14, 2015).

State of North Carolina Department of Conservation and Development. Pilot Mount State Park Master Plan. 1970. (accessed December 14, 2015). [Includes additional information on the history of park establishment, geology, and natural heritage]

Resources related to Pilot Mountain, Digital Public Library of American, (accessed December 15, 2015).

Dunn, David E., and Peter W. Weigand. 1969. Geology of the Pilot Mountain and Pinnacle quadrangles, North Carolina. [Raleigh]: North Carolina Dept. of Conservation and Development, Division of Mineral Resources.

Hatcher, Robert D. 1988. Structure of the Sauratown Mountains window, North Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.: Carolina Geological Society.

Smith, Michael W. 1994. Jomeokee geology. [Raleigh, NC]: [N.C. Division of Parks and Recreation]. (accessed December 15, 2015). [teacher resource]

Image Credits:

North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation. Pilot Mountain State Park Master Plan. 1970. (accessed Mar. 20, 2024).

Origin - location: