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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Moore General Hospital

by Ann S. Wright, 2006 " Indoor Activities, Moore General Hospital, Swannanoa, N.C." Image courtesy of the North Carolina Postcard Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill Libraries.

Moore General Hospital, located between Swannanoa and Black Mountain on U.S. 70, was built as a general army hospital for the treatment of sick and wounded soldiers during World War II. Named for Samuel Preston Moore, a native of Charleston, S.C., and surgeon general of the Confederacy, the hospital complex was designed to include numerous buildings, 1,520 beds, and a full-time staff of 1,500 people. Government engineers envisioned it as the "Walter Reed of the South." Supervised by a private firm from Asheville, construction of the hospital began in May 1942, and the first patients began arriving the following November. Col. Frank W. Wilson was the hospital's first commanding officer. In addition to the buildings for patients and staff, the site also included 36 structures to house men in training for service with the medical corps; the first training unit assigned there was the 28th General Hospital.

A rehabilitation center, which officially opened in June 1944, was added when the hospital took over the new Sand Hill High School building in West Asheville. In September 1944 the facility expanded to include a Tropical Disease Center capable of treating an additional 1,400 patients. In May 1945 German prisoners of war were brought in to provide maintenance and other labor services; they were housed in a separate camp on the north section of the hospital grounds.

In September 1946 the U.S. War Department declared Moore General Hospital a surplus facility, and it was taken over by the Veterans Administration. For several years it was known as the Swannanoa Rehabilitation Center, an annex of the Oteen Veterans Hospital, and served as a tuberculosis rehabilitation center. In 1960 the Veterans Administration consolidated its operation at a central location in Oteen, and the Moore General Hospital property was deeded to the state of North Carolina for use as a juvenile evaluation center.

Additional Resources:

Oteen Veterans Hospital, National Park Service:

Image Credit:

"Indoor Activities, Moore General Hospital, Swannanoa, N.C." Image courtesy of the North Carolina Postcard Collection, UNC-Chapel Hill Libraries. Available from (accessed August 30, 2012).


Origin - location: 



I was born at Moore General Hosp on June 27 1945. Would like to know why my father was a patient there Capt. Russell E Cook? No one to ask.



Have you looked at his service record? That may give clues to why he was there. has service records for WWII and may be able to help you. 

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library


My Grandfather Emil H Ruppel Jr was at Moore general hospital swannanoa NC and released from active service from the Army between the dates of Aug 16, 1945 and Oct 23, 1945. Wondering if you could give me any information on him and why he was there? Thanks


My brother-in-law was born @ Moore Hospital in Swannanoa. His birthday is next month, and we want to take him back to where he was born in 1945. Can you please provide the approximate location, address or coordinates?


Dear Robert,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and especially for taking time to share your question.

The historical Moore Hospital was at the location of what is now a NC Department of Public Safety facility. Here is a link to a Google map view of the location:,-82.3741364,17z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x8859f9c153f9bf93:0xe73b1dc0ae5eeea!8m2!3d35.6117546!4d-82.3725861.

The location is on U.S. 70 between Swannanoa and Black Mountain. 

I hope this helps and please let us know if you need additional help.

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library


my grandfather Miles M. Beal was honorably discharged from there during WII. In August 15, 1944 in poor condition. I was curious as to what happened to him. He passed away when I was young. I was told he never talked about what happened in the war. If there is any information I could have I would greatly appreicate it.
thank you,


Dear June,

Thanks for visiting NCpeida. I recommend looking at World War II Regimental histories for more information. I was not able to find any information about his honorable discharge. I wish you well on your research.

Francesca Evans, Government & Heritage Library


Is it possible to find out why my Grand Father at the hospital during WWII? I understand there are HIPPA rules, he has passed and I am told he may have been wounded by gunfire in New Guinea but I have no proof. I want to honor him and would to find out if my information is correct. I have written to the National Archives only to find his records were destroyed in a fire.


Dear David,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and for taking the time to share your family history and question.

I am forwarding your question to reference services at the NC Government & Heritage Library.

A reference librarian will contact you short to try to help.

Best wishes,

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library


My dad spent some time there as a returning soldier and would often talk fondly of the hospital. Thanks for keeping history alive.

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