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U.S. territorial growth, 1850

California - as part of the Compromise of 1850, California was admitted to the Union as a free state. New Mexico and Utah - as part of the Compromise of 1850, the territories of New Mexico and Utah were organized without mention of slavery. Texas - after declaring its independence from Mexico in the 1830s, Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845.

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U.S. territorial growth, 1850
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