Hancock, Madelon "Glory" Battle
By Phoebe Ann Pollitt, Appalachian State University, 2017
Originally published in "North Carolina Nursing History." Republished with permission. For personal educational use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other uses directly to the website creators.
30 Aug 1881 - 29 Sep 1930
Madelon "Glory" Hancock: The most decorated nurse in WWI
Born in Pennsacola, Florida in 1881, Madelon "Glory" Battle Hancock grew up in Asheville. Her father, Dr. S. Westray Battle, was a well known and highly regarded physician known primarily for his work with tuberculosis. After graduating from the Presbyterian Hospital School fo Nursing in New York City in 1905, she married Mortimer Hancock, a British Army officer. When World War One broke out in 1914, Madelon joined the first British Hospital Unit going to the frontline of battle.
In the British Army she was known as "Glory Hancock," for her enthusiastic support of the Allied cause. She went to Antwerp, in Belgium, on Aug. 13, 1914, only a few days after the war began, with the first British Hospital Unit to serve in the war. She remained in that city until Oct. 12 of that year, when during a retreat by the Allies she brought in many wounded Belgians and British, the latter of the Royal Navy Division. She was then attached to the hospital established at Fermes, in Belgium, and nursed there through the first battle of the Yser, when the hospital was shelled by the Germans and had to be excavated. The patients were removed to Heogstadt, where she was during the first and second of Ypres and the second battle of the Marne.
She was at that and other dressing stations close behind the Allies' battle lines until the last moment of the war. She was never beyond the sounds of the guns and frequently within the zone of fire. She was gassed and was repeatedly in the midst of shrapnel fire, but she always escaped without serious injury.
For her services to the wounded and sick and her conspicuous bravery under fire upon various occasions, she received 12 decorations: five from Great Britain, five from Belgium and two from France.
After the War, Hancock returned to North Carolina to visit family members across the state. She died on September 30, 1930 in Nice, France. She had been divorced for several years at the time.
Appalachain State University. Madelon "Glory" Battle Hancock. https://nursinghistory.appstate.edu/biographies/madelon-glory-battle-han... (Accessed April 6, 2017).
Fourteen letters from Glory Hancock to various family members are found at the UNC-G Betty Carter Women's Veteran's Collection.
Sistrom, Michael, PhD North Carolinians and the Great War, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, 2004, http://docsouth.unc.edu/wwi/soldiersintro.html.
“Glory” Battle Hancock Heroine of the Great War,” Northeastern North Carolina Stories, Thursday, July 7, 2011, http://northeasternncstories.blogspot.com/2011/07/glory-battle-hancock-h.... (Accessed June 2, 2012).
Ford, Joseph Herbert, Details of Military Medical Administration, York, Pennsylvania: The Maple Press by P. Blakiston’s Son and Co., 1918, 220.
Maxwell, Anna, “What Presbyterian Hospital (New York) are doing,” American Journal of Nursing Vol. 18 No. 8, May 1918, 728.
“Mrs. “Gloria” Hancock Decorated, Five Times, Returns for Visit,” Asheville Citizens Times, 1919. Also see, Maxwell, “What Presbyterian Hospital (New York) are doing.”
[Madelon "Glory Battle.] Photograph. ca. 1918. North Carolina Collection, Pack Memorial Public Library, Asheville, North Carolina.
6 April 2017 | Pollitt, Phoebe Ann