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Caldwell Countywas formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes Counties. Located in the W central section of the state, it is bounded by Alexander, Catawba, Burke, Avery, Watauga, and Wilkes Counties. It was named for Joseph Caldwell (1773-1835), first president of the University of North Carolina. Area: 480 sq. mi. County seat: Lenoir, with an elevation of 1,182 ft. Townships are Globe, Judson, Johns River, King's Creek, Lenoir, Little River, Lovelady, Lower Creek, Mulberry, North Catawba, Patterson, Wilson Creek, and Yadkin Valley. Produces poultry, dairy products, hogs, furniture, apparel, textiles, hosiery, and gravel. Center of trucking industry.
Caldwell Creekrises in SE Mecklenburg County and flows N into Cabarrus County and Reedy Creek. Named for family of David Caldwell (d. about 1780).
Caldwell Forkrises in W Haywood County in Great Smoky Mountains National Park and flows NE to join Palmer Creek in forming Cataloochee Creek.
Caldwell Institutecommunity in W Orange County served by post office, 1877-1904.
Caldwell TownshipSE Catawba County. Named in 1868 for Caldwell family, members of which were large landowners.
Caleb Branchrises in W Carteret County and flows W into Hadnot Creek.
Caleb's Creekrises in E Onslow County and flows NE into White Oak River.
CaledoniaSee Bensalem.
Caledoniastate prison farm since 1892 on the Roanoke River, E Halifax County. It consists of 3,700 acres. Named before 1713 for an early plantation that took its name from the Latin term for northern Scotland. Dikes were built along the river to control flooding. The plantation was later owned by Samuel Johnston of Edenton. Numerous Indian relics have been found there.
Caledonia Creekrises in SW Pender County and flows S into Black River.