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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

Civil War Rosters

by Weymouth T. Jordan Jr. and Wiley J. Williams, 2006

<i>Roster of North Carolina troops in the war between the states</i>, by John W. Moore.  Published 1882 by Ashe & Gatling, Raleigh, N.C. Presented on Archive.org. A Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War between the States, by Confederate veteran John Wheeler Moore, was an undertaking by the state of North Carolina in 1881 to publish a list of its Confederate soldiers. The four volumes of Moore's Roster, as it came to be called, include the names of 106,498 soldiers-about 70 percent of the state's Confederate troops-and are arranged by military unit. The last volume, after identifying the regiments and separate battalions, lists general and staff officers or North Carolinians in the Confederate navy and elsewhere. For each individual recorded, the roster generally gives rank, date, and county of enlistment. Remarks about promotions, desertions, injuries, capture, and death in battle are sometimes noted.

The North Carolina Civil War Roster Project began in 1961 under the auspices of the North Carolina Confederate Centennial Commission and in 1965 was transferred to the State Department of Archives and History, now the Division of Archives and History of the Department of Cultural Resources. Its purpose is to publish histories of all North Carolina units raised during the war, as well as rosters containing the names and service records of members. When completed, the series, entitled North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster, will comprise 17 individually indexed volumes, each providing histories and rosters of at least four regiments and service records of approximately 7,500 men. An eighteenth volume, a master index, will give the names of approximately 130,000 North Carolina military personnel listed in North Carolina Troops and the volumes and pages on which their service records appear.

Louis H. Manarin headed the Civil War Roster Project from 1961 until February 1970, when Weymouth T. Jordan Jr. took over the editorship. Rosters are arranged numerically by regiment and then alphabetically by company. A field and staff section precedes the company roster for each regiment. Within each company roster, officers and enlisted men, excluding captains, appear alphabetically in separate sections. Captains and field and staff personnel are listed by date of rank. Each name is followed by a service record of approximately 100 words that includes, if known, the soldier's county of birth and residence, his age and occupation at the time of enlistment, his promotion record, whether he was wounded, captured, or killed, and whether he deserted or died of disease.

The Civil War Roster Project had published 15 volumes by 2006. Volumes 1 and 2 cover artillery and cavalry units, respectively; volumes 3-15 contain rosters and histories of infantry units. Volume 16 will present additional Confederate infantry regiments, and volume 17 will contain rosters of miscellaneous Confederate units such as the junior and senior reserves, militia, Home Guard, navy, and marines. It will also include North Carolina Federal troops (four regiments of African American soldiers and four of whites) and many North Carolinians who served in units from other states.

Reference:

C. F. W. Coker, North Carolina Civil War Records: An Introduction to Printed and Manuscript Sources (1977).

Additional resources:

North Carolina Civil War Roster: A cumulative index to North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865http://cwroster.ncdcr.gov/

North Carolina. General Assembly; Moore, John Wheeler. Roster of North Carolina troops in the war between the states Vol 1. Raleigh: Ash & Gatling. 1882. https://archive.org/details/rosternorthcaro00moorgoog (accessed October 31, 2014).

Moore, John W. (John Wheeler). Roster of North Carolina troops in the war between the states Vol. 2. Raleigh: Ash & Gatling. 1882. https://archive.org/details/05913252.3310.emory.edu (accessed October 31, 2014).

Moore, John W. (John Wheeler). Roster of North Carolina troops in the war between the states Vol. 3. Raleigh: Ash & Gatling. 1882. https://archive.org/details/05913252.3311.emory.edu (accessed October 31, 2014).

Moore, John W. (John Wheeler). Roster of North Carolina troops in the war between the states Vol. 4. Raleigh: Ash & Gatling. 1882. https://archive.org/details/05913252.3312.emory.edu (accessed October 31, 2014).

Image Credit:

Moore, John W. (John Wheeler). Roster of North Carolina troops in the War between the states Vol. 3. Raleigh, [N.C.]: Ashe & Gatling. 1882. https://archive.org/details/rosterofnorthcar03moor (accessed October 31, 2014).

Comments

Comment: 

I am trying to find a pic. Or any info. On my G. G.
Uncle Private Oliver P. McPherson who got killed in Lynchburg Va. June 18th 1864. He was part of NC 6th infantry. His body was shipped back by train and buried at his home church, Rock Creek Methodist Church in Snow Camp. NC. Thank you. Lois

Comment: 

Lois,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia. I recommend contacting the Audiovisual Materials Unit (https://archives.ncdcr.gov/researchers/collections/audiovisual-materials) at the State Archives of North Carolina and the National Archives (https://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/photos).

Francesca Evans, Government & Heritage Library

Comment: 

Several of my great grandparents lived in North Carolina and may have served during the war. Manually searching every volume of the great documents you've published would be *very* time-consuming. Is there a searchable version of these documents or a database that would be helpful in finding them? Thank you in advance.

Comment: 

My Great Grandfather was Isham or Isom J Smith born in North Carolina served in Civil War either killed or mia. Married to Nancy Elizabeth Washington in Muscadine (Cleburne county) in 1800s. Do you have any records?

Comment: 

My brother, Alan Mann , and I have a mystery we were hoping this site would help solve. Our Great, Great Uncle Augustus Nelson Mann just may be the "A. Mann" buried in the Stonewall Jackson Cemetery in Winchester, Virginia with the North Carolinians. The stone says "A. Mann Co. G 3rd Reg NC. The problem is our A. Mann signed up with the 3rd Arkansas, Co. H. His records stop after his first muster on April 30, 1862. The 3rd Arkansas and the 27th NC were placed together during the battle of Antietam, where we think Augustus was likely injured and delivered to Winchester's York Hospital on the 24th were he then died the next day, creating the death date record of Sept. 25, 1862 for A. Mann. We would like to know who North Carolina thinks it bought a headstone for, as we cannot determine who, if not our A. Mann, this soldier might be. Thank you for helping us solve the mystery of who the A. Mann is buried in Winchester.
Respectfully,
Kittie Aldakkour (Mann)

Comment: 

An ancestor of my wife, Caleb G Dowdy was in a NC artillery unit during the War Between the States and in the early 1900s went to the Soldiers Home in Raleigh where he died. Are there any records about folks in the home?

Comment: 

You can try contacting the State Archives of North Carolina (https://archives.ncdcr.gov/). There is a strong possibility that the records are sealed though.

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library

Comment: 

My 3x great-grandfather, Jechonias Jones, was a private in Company H, First Regiment, North Carolina Artillery. He was part of the garrison that was captured at Fort Macon, North Carolina in 1862. I can't find a complete roster of the First Regiment, NC Artillery, much less Company H. I was hoping to find something in John Wheeler Moore's volumes but no luck. Where else can I look?

Comment: 

JM

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and for sharing your history and question. I have forwarded this to refernce services at the NC Government & Heritage Library. A refernce librarian will contact you soon.

Carla Morris, Government and Heritage Library

Comment: 

Thank you so much for making this book available to us. So much history and our ancestors and so many make us pay for that information and people like me on a fixed income can't pay for all the information we seek. Thank you and God Bless.

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