Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

Printer-friendly page

Haywood, Marshall De Lancey

by Lucius McGehee Cheshire, Jr., 1988

6 Mar. 1871–20 Sept. 1933

Marshall De Lancey Haywood, holding a copy of the Raleigh News and Observer, circa 1921. Image from the North Carolina Museum of History. Marshall De Lancey Haywood, historian and author, was born in Raleigh, the son of Richard Bennehan and Julia Ogden Hicks Haywood. His father was a distinguished physician and his grandfather, Sherwood Haywood, with his three brothers, was among the first settlers of Raleigh. He was educated at the Raleigh Graded School, Raleigh Male Academy, and Johns Hopkins University. Before assuming duties as marshal and librarian of the North Carolina Supreme Court, a position he held for fifteen years (1918–33), Haywood worked briefly in the office of a cotton broker, as secretary to the North Carolina attorney general, as local editor of the Raleigh Daily Times, as assistant state librarian, as librarian of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (now North Carolina State University), and for a year as assistant librarian of the Supreme Court.

An avid interest in history and membership in one of the most prominent families in the state prompted Haywood in 1893 to found the North Carolina Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. As its secretary and in other offices, he led the organization to a position of importance in the state. He was also instrumental in the revival of the North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati, which, although organized in 1783 by the officers of the Continental Army, had been inactive since the Civil War. Haywood, who became an honorary member before his election as a hereditary member, served the society for more than thirty years as assistant secretary (1897–1908) and secretary (1908–33). His interest, however, was not confined to the Revolutionary period, for he was also active in the United Sons of Confederate Veterans.

Haywood was highly regarded in his field, a fact that is borne out by his service as historian of the U.S. War and Navy departments, Historian General of the Sons of the Revolution, historiographer of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, and historian of the Masonic Grand Lodge. He was a member of the State Literary and Historical Association, the Roanoke Colony Memorial Association, the Church Historical Society in Philadelphia, and the North Carolina Library Association. In addition to numerous articles and monographs, he was the author of Governor William Tryon and His Administration in the Province of North Carolina, 1765–1771, Lives of the Bishops of North Carolina, The Beginnings of Freemasonry in North Carolina and Tennessee, and Builders of the Old North State. He also was assistant editor of Samuel Ashe's Biographical History of North Carolina.

Martha Hawkins Bailey of Florida became his wife on 16 Oct. 1926, and they were the parents of one child, Marshall De Lancey Haywood, Jr. A lifelong resident of Raleigh and an Episcopalian, Haywood was a member of Christ Church. He was buried in Oakwood Cemetery.


Samuel A. Ashe, ed., Biographical History of North Carolina, vol. 6 (1907).

Hubert B. Haywood, Sr., Sketch of the Haywood Family in North Carolina (1956).

Marshall De Lancey Haywood, Jr. (Raleigh), personal information.

Who's Who in America (1926–27).

Additional Resources:

Moffitt, Mrs. E. E. "Biographical And Genealogical Memoranda: Marshall De Lancey Haywood." The North Carolina Booklet 8, no. 1 (July 1908). 80-83. (accessed January 16, 2013).

"Marshall Delancey Haywood." North Carolina State University.  (accessed January 16, 2013).

"Home of Marshall DeLancey Haywood, Raleigh, N. C." Durwood Barbour Collection of North Carolina Postcards (P077), North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (accessed January 16, 2013).

Swanson, Mary Elizabeth. "Chapter 6. Dallas Walton Newsom (pages 81-91) and Marshall De Lancey Haywood (pages 92-100)" Living North Carolina Poets  Unpublished manuscript. 1923 (collection no. 05352-z). The Southern Historical Collection. Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.,Mary_Elizabeth.html (accessed January 16, 2013).

Image Credits:

"Photograph, Accession #: H.1933.15.2." 1900-1933. North Carolina Museum of History.

Origin - location: