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Duckenfield, William

by Mattie Erma E. Parker, 1986

d. ca. February 1721/22

William Duckenfield, member of the North Carolina Council and justice of the General Court, came to the colony before June 1683 from Cheshire, England. For many generations his family had belonged to the Cheshire gentry. By May 1684 Duckenfield was a member of the Council of the colony, a position that he also held in November 1687. Surviving records do not show whether he was on the Council in the intervening years. He was again a Council member from November 1694 to September 1695. In that period he was ex officio justice of the General Court, which was then held by the Council. He appears also to have been a member of the Assembly in those years. In November 1699 and again in March 1701, he was commissioned justice of the Chowan Precinct court although the length of his service is not known.

A communicant of the Church of England, Duckenfield served on the vestry of St. Paul's parish from 1701, when the parish was established, until 1715, and at times was warden. Church services were sometimes held in his home, which was headquarters for at least two of the Anglican missionaries sent to the colony. In 1721 he donated fifty-two acres of land to the vestry of "the southwest parish" for a church building and other uses that the vestry might deem "convenient for promoting the true worship of God."

On 28 Nov. 1694 Duckenfield married Susannah Garraway Hartley, widow of Francis Hartley and daughter of John and Frances Garraway. The couple had no children so far as surviving records show. At the time of his marriage and for some years before, Duckenfield lived on Little River in Perquimans Precinct. Before 1699, however, he moved to a plantation on Salmon Creek, then in Chowan Precinct but now included in Bertie County. By patent, purchase, and marriage he acquired extensive landholdings, particularly in Chowan. Although he cultivated or leased several plantations, his transactions in land appear to have been speculative in part. He also participated in the profitable fur trade, apparently in conjunction with a mercantile business. He seems to have obtained skins and furs from small-scale traders in exchange for imported goods and to have exported furs and skins to Virginia, England, and elsewhere to pay for the goods he imported. Through his various enterprises he acquired sufficient wealth to live comfortably for his time and place. Christoph von Graffenreid reported that Governor Edward Hyde and his family "found pretty good lodgings" at Duckenfield's plantation, where they stayed for a time following their arrival in the colony. Graffenreid referred to Duckenfield as "a good old English nobleman."

Duckenfield died shortly before 27 Feb. 1721/22, when his will was proved. His wife apparently died before the date of the will, 17 May 1720, as she is not mentioned in it. Duckenfield bequeathed some furniture and an annuity of £40 to a brother, John, who lived in his home. He made lesser bequests to a cousin, Charles Barber, and a friend, Moseley, Edward (node/6701)">Edward Moseley. His executor and principal legatee was a nephew in England, Nathaniel Duckenfield, son of his brother, Sir Robert Duckenfield.


Arthur Adams, Cheshire Visitation Pedigrees, 1663 (1941).

Albemarle County Papers, 2 vols. (1678–1714, 1715–39), and Council Minutes, Wills, Inventories, 1677–1701, and Will of William Duckenfield (North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh).

Sir George J. Armytage and J. Paul Rylands, eds., Pedigrees Made at the Visitation of Cheshire, 1613 (1909).

William Betham, The Baronetage of England (1802).

J. Bryan Grimes, ed., Abstracts of North Carolina Wills (1910), and North Carolina Wills and Inventories (1912).

J. R. B. Hathaway, ed., North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, 3 vols. (1900–1903).

Mattie Erma E. Parker, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, Higher-Court Records, 1670–1696, vol. 2 (1968), and 1697–1701, vol. 3 (1971).

William S. Price, Jr., ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, Higher-Court Records, 1702–1708, vol. 4 (1974).

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vols. 1, 2 (1886).



I read in North Carolina Headrights: A List of Names, 1663-1744, by Whitley that a James Kinsello was transported with 4 others in 1694 for John Wilson (and Edmund Clancey), with the phrase, "Assignment by Jno. Wilson, cooper, to Wm. Duckenfeild (sic) Esqr. , 26 Jan 1694." Two questions: 1) does this mean the 350 acres of land involved (50 acres each for 7 transported = 350 acres) were transferred to Duckenfield? 2) did those who were transported receive land, as in Virginia? Or were they on their own? Or were they transferred, as well, as indentures to Duckenfield?


Thanks for commenting. Yes, if it was assigned to someone else, that person, the assignee, is the one who received the land. Those who were brought to the colony did not receive land. They may have been able to buy small parcels for themselves, but they did not receive land through the headright system. They would not automatically become indentured servants to Duckenfield, it would have depended on whatever was decided before they arrived here. In some cases I am sure some did become indentured servants to "earn their passage". Tax records may have been a clue to their fate as well as deeds and land grants. Some early tax lists can be found online at and our library also has a guide on tax records in NC that includes a chart about taxable ages -

Hope this helps!

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library

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