by Roberta Sue Alexander, Rodney D. Barfield, and Steven E. Nash, 2006.
Additional research provided by Joseph W.Wescott II and Wiley J. Williams.
Part i: Introduction; Part ii: Life under slavery and the achievements of free Black people; Part iii: Emancipation and the Freedmen's Fight for Civil Rights; Part iv: Segregation and the struggle for equality; Part v: Emerging roles and new challenges; Part vi: References
Part vi: References
Roberta Sue Alexander, North Carolina Faces the Freedmen: Race Relations during Presidential Reconstruction, 1865–1867 (1985).
Eric Anderson, Race and Politics in North Carolina, 1872–1901: The Black Second (1981).
Lerone Bennett Jr., Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America (1993).
William H. Chafe, Raymond Gavins, and Robert Korstad, eds., Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell about Life in the Segregated South (2001).
Jeffrey J. Crow, Paul D. Escott, and Flora J. Hatley, A History of African Americans in North Carolina (2002).
W. McKee Evans, Ballots and Fence Rails: Reconstruction on the Lower Cape Fear (1966).
John Hope Franklin, The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790–1860 (1943).
Franklin and Alfred A. Moss Jr., From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans (6th ed., 1988).
Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896–1920 (1996).
Herbert G. Gutman, The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750–1925 (1976).
Timothy J. Minchin, Hiring the BlackWorker: The Racial Integration of the Southern Textile Industry, 1960–1980 (1999).
R. Drew Smith, Long March Ahead: African American Churches and Public Policy in Post–Civil Rights America (2004).
Timothy B. Tyson, Blood Done Sign My Name: A True Story (2004).
Walter B. Weare, Black Business in the New South: A Social History of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company (rev. ed., 1993).
Bradford, Erin. 2008. "Free African American Population in the U.S.: 1790-1860." Online at https://ncpedia.org/sites/default/files/census_stats_1790-1860.pdf
1 January 2006 | Alexander, Roberta Sue; Barfield, Rodney D.; Nash, Steven E.