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This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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Advisory Budget Commission

by Wiley J. Williams, 2006

See also: Balanced Budget Amendment

The Advisory Budget Commission (ABC) was created when the General Assembly of 1925 enacted the Executive Budget Act to vest the governor with more direct supervision of state agencies and institutions. The act also enabled the chief executive to initiate a balanced budget for presentation before each session of the legislature. The ABC was part of the Budget Bureau, established by the legislature within the governor's office. The governor was designated as the Budget Bureau's director and ex officio head and was authorized to appoint a budget officer as an assistant.

The ABC superseded the Budget Commission (created by the General Assembly in 1919) and assisted, but was subordinate to, the governor. It included the chairs of the appropriations and finance committees of the General Assembly and two gubernatorial appointees. In addition to advisory duties concerning state expenditures and finance, the ABC assisted the director in the preparation of the budget. The legislature has from time to time altered the duties, responsibilities, and membership of the ABC, but its role in the state's fiscal decisions has remained essentially the same.


Clyde L. Ball, The Advisory Budget Commission (rev. ed., 1983).

Additional Resources:

An Act to Amend the Executive Budget Act, Ratified at the Present Session of the General Assembly." Public laws and resolutions passed by the General Assembly at its session of 1925. Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards and Broughton. 1925. p.476.,237405 (accessed September 17, 2012).

"An Act to Provide for the Preparation and Review of Estimates for Expenditure and Revenue, and to Establish a Budget System for All State Expenditures." Public laws and resolutions of the State of North Carolina passed by the General Assembly at its session of 1919. Raleigh [N.C.]: Commercial Printing Company. p.61.,228603 (accessed September 17, 2012).

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