Copyright notice

This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

Printer-friendly page

Summer School

by William S. Powell, 2006Kemp P. Battle. Image courtesy of Carolina Story: A Virtual Museum of University History, UNC.

Summer school, the first in the United States, was established by University of North Carolina president Kemp P. Battle in 1877, primarily to train teachers. It convened on 3 July for a six-week session attended by both men and women. It was suspended in 1884, having enrolled 2,480 teachers and other students. Resumed in 1894, the summer school continued for 11 more years, with a total enrollment of 1,541. After a two-year hiatus, the summer school at the university resumed in 1907 and has continued ever since.




Image Credit:

Kemp P. Battle. Image courtesy of Carolina Story: A Virtual Museum of University History, UNC. Available from (accessed September 19, 2012).


Add a comment

PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia provides the comments feature as a way for viewers to engage with the resources. Comments are not published until reviewed by NCpedia editors at the State Library of NC, and the editors reserve the right to not publish any comment submitted that is considered inappropriate for this resource. NCpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, or responses. If you would like a reply by email, note that some email servers, such as public school accounts, are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Please allow one business day for replies from NCpedia. Complete guidelines are available at