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Cranberry Iron Mine

by Jean H. Seaman, 2006

The Cranberry Iron Mine is located on an immense subterranean stretch of titaniferous magnetite (titanium, iron oxide) centered around Cranberry in Avery County. Said to have been used by Indians before their contact with whites, it came to be worked mainly from surface ore by 1829 and was opened to systematic production around 1880. In 1882 a railroad facilitated movement of the ore to the furnace. The ore, low in silica and phosphorus, was characterized as the largest deposit of Bessemer ore in the South. By 1974 it was the only active iron mine left in North Carolina.Employees stand in front of the furnace of the Cranberry Iron Mine, ca. 1895. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library.

Reference:

W. F. Wilson and others, North Carolina Geology and Mineral Resources: A Foundation for Progress, North Carolina Geological Survey Educational Series no. 4 (1976).

Additional Resources:

"Cranberry iron mine: iron for the Confederacy." Civil War Trails, Inc. 2011. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/u?/p15012coll8,10772

State Board of Agriculture. "Cranberry Iron Mine." North Carolina and its resources. Winston [N.C.]: M. I. & J. C. Stewart. 1896. p.96. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/u?/p249901coll22,641585

Image Credits:

Employees stand in front of the furnace of the Cranberry Iron Mine, ca. 1895. North Carolina Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library.

Authors: 
Origin - location: 

Comments

Comment: 

Does anyone know where the Native Americans of N.C. dug for minerals for trade with other Indian tribes?

Comment: 

Hi Thayer,

That's a great question!  I'm including a few additional resources from NCpedia that give some information.

Mining, Part I: Before European settlement -- there has been evidence of mining by the region's Native Americans at Baird Mine in Macon County and Sink Hole Mine in Mitchell County.

Mining, Part 2:  There is evidence that copper was mined in a number of counties by National Americans prior to exploitation by explorers following the Roanoke Island settlement in 1585.  

Sink Hole Mine, Mitchell County, from NC Highway Historical Markers

If you would like help locating additional resources, reference librarians here at the Government & Heritage Library may be able to help.  You can find their contact information on our website at http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/contact.html and they may be contacted by both telephone and email.

I hope this information helps!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

 

Comment: 

Hi Thayer,

That's a great question!  I'm including a few additional resources from NCpedia that give some information.

Mining, Part I: Before European settlement -- there has been evidence of mining by the region's Native Americans at Baird Mine in Macon County and Sink Hole Mine in Mitchell County.

Mining, Part 2:  There is evidence that copper was mined in a number of counties by National Americans prior to exploitation by explorers following the Roanoke Island settlement in 1585.  

Sink Hole Mine, Mitchell County, from NC Highway Historical Markers

If you would like help locating additional resources, reference librarians here at the Government & Heritage Library may be able to help.  You can find their contact information on our website at http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/contact.html and they may be contacted by both telephone and email.

I hope this information helps!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

 

Comment: 

The article characterizes this mine as the only one active by 1974 in NC. This is misleading and untrue. The mine shut down in 1929. Despite a short-lived pilot project to process ore during WW II, the mine would be more accurately characterized as having been inactive since 1929.

Comment: 

About 1923 (i was about 4 years old) While playing in my front
yard in Linville nc I could hear the lunch time whistle
at twelve noon and back to work whistle at The Cranberry Iron Mine. I was amazed that I could hear
the whistle that far away..Probably because it was a very deep tone sound..

..

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Encyclopedia of North Carolina edited by William S. Powell. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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