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Bathtown in central Beaufort County at junction of Bath and Back Creeks. Alt. 9. Settled 1690. Inc. 1705. The oldest town in North Carolina, it was the county seat from 1696 to 1785, when it was changed to Washington. Probably named for Bath County in which it was originally located. Bath is now a State Historic Site and a number of restored buildings are open to the public. St. Thomas Church there, the oldest church in North Carolina, was built in 1734. The colonial assembly met there in 1744 and 1752.
Bath Countyformed in 1696 from the territory S of Albemarle Sound, was named in honor in John Granville, Earl of Bath, one of the Lords Proprietors. On December 3, 1705, the territory was divided into Archdale, Pamptecough, and Wickham precincts. Bath County was not abolished with the creation of the precincts but continued to be referred to in records as late as 1724. As the precincts increased in importance, eventually becoming counties themselves, the parent county lost its identity.
Bath Creekrises in central Beaufort County and flows S into Pamlico River.
Bath TownshipE central Beaufort County.
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