Declaration of Rights
The first North Carolina Declaration of Rights, modeled in part on comparable declarations in Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, was adopted on behalf of the state by the Fifth Provincial Congress on 17 Dec. 1776. The declaration was adopted one day prior to the adoption of the new state's constitution and was specifically incorporated into that document to emphasize the strong commitment of North Carolinians to individual freedoms. The Declaration of Rights proclaimed popular sovereignty and separation of powers as well as basic civil rights, such as freedom of religion and guarantees of a fair trial, many of which were later restated in the federal Bill of Rights. The original Declaration of Rights, largely unchanged-plus a few provisions made necessary by defeat in the Civil War, such as the abolition of slavery and the prohibition of secession-became Article I of the 1868 North Carolina Constitution. With only minor changes, the Declaration of Rights remains the primary article of the state's 1971 constitution.
John V. Orth, The North Carolina State Constitution: A Reference Guide (1993).
North Carolina Constitution, NC Historical Marker E-98: http://www.ncmarkers.com/Markers.aspx?ct=ddl&sp=search&k=Markers&sv=E-98%20-%20NORTH%20CAROLINA%20CONSTITUTION
North Carolina Constitution and Declaration of Rights, LearnNC: http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-revolution/4330
North Carolina's State Constitution: The Declaration of Rights. NC Civic Education Consortium, Lesson Plan: http://civics.sites.unc.edu/files/2012/05/NCConstitutionDeclarationofRights.pdf
North Carolina Declaration of Rights, Library of Congress: http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/creatingtheus/BillofRights/ForgingaFederalGovernment/ExhibitObjects/NorthCarolinaInsists.aspx
North Carolina State Constitution, NC General Assembly: http://www.ncga.state.nc.us/Legislation/constitution/article1.html
1 January 2006 | Orth, John V.