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Quick Facts and Information About North Carolina

North Carolina is a state in the southeastern United States, and it is bordered by Virginia, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia and the Atlantic Ocean. This page lists some basic, quick facts about North Carolina and provides links to other useful information.

Map excerpt showing North Carolina in red. Map of the United States with North Carolina highlighted, by TUBS, CC BY-SA 3.0, Wikimedia Commons.Quick Facts

Date North Carolina became a state: November 21, 1789 (12th state)

State Capital: Raleigh (Wake County)

Governor: Roy Cooper

State Motto: Esse Quam Videri: To be rather than to seem

State Song: The Old North State

State Colors: Red and Blue

State Bird: Cardinal

State Flower: Dogwood

State Name Origin and Nicknames: Carolina, the Tar Heel State, the Old North State

Economy, Gross Domestic Product: $575,605,000,000 (2018, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Population Estimate: 10,551,162 people (U.S. Census Bureau, 2021)  (visit the U.S. Census Quick Facts for more information)

Population Rank: 9th largest state in the United States

Largest City (Population): Charlotte -- 830,258 (North Carolina Office of Budget and Management, 2016)

Total Land Area: 48,617.91 square miles

Land Area Rank: 28th largest state in the United States by land area

Number of Counties: 100

Highest Point in North Carolina: Mount Mitchell (6,684 feet)

Distance Between Murphy (west) and Manteo (east): 546 miles (driving); 474.5 miles (direct, "as the crow flies")

Length by Width: North Carolina is 503 miles long by 150 miles wide

Seats in the U.S. House of Representatives: 13

Seats in the N.C. General Assembly: 120 members in the House; 50 members in the Senate. Find your state legislators at

Links to useful information

North Carolina State Constitution

North Carolina State Government Website

North Carolina County and Municipal Population Estimates (NC Office of Budget and Management)

Locate US Representatives for North Carolina (U.S. House of Representatives website)

Locate US Senators for North Carolina (U.S. Senate website)

North Carolina General Assembly website (NC State Legislature)

North Carolina Voter Information: North Carolina State Board of Elections

North Carolina State Symbols and other Official Adoptions (NCpedia article)

Crime Statistics (NC State Bureau of Investigation)

Public Education Information: Reports and Statistics (NC Public Schools)

U.S. Census Bureau Quick Facts for North Carolina

North Carolina Economy at a Glance (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2019)

North Carolina Agricultural Statistics (NC Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, 2018)

NC LINC (NC Office of Budget and Management: population, labor, education, transportation, agriculture, and other data for NC)

Updated July 2019

Image credit: 

TUBS. North Carolina in United States. CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons, (accessed October 2, 2016).




With all due respect I have a question related to the work search mandate. My question is , let's say , you invested everything you owned into starting a business and not even within three months you were ordered by state regulator's to stay at home , and in this time you loose your spouse , Then you have to let go of your mom's care giver then become her main source of care , and now I've went through all equity by means of pawn or sell . And now you order me to go look for a job and if not I loose what little crumbs I've got left over and just, do what ? Please tell me I would like to know? And no , putting my mother in a state deferred assisted living ? No thanks that's not an option. She will pass here at home with me and my sister and niece whom all have been displaced , so please I'm open to all suggestions and if you would please forward this message to the hope program because I've heard nothing from them , my landlord is getting tired of excuses and I have no more to tell, thank you for your time have a bless day

Sincerely , Paul Merrell


Dear Paul,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and for posting your comment. NCpedia is an online enyclopedia about the State of North Carolina. 

For information about the Work Search Requirements, I recommend contacting the NC Department of Commerce Division of Employment Security: 

-Molly Goldston, Government & Heritage Library


i love this site




Mount Mitchell is noted on their webpage as being 6,684 feet.



Thank you so much for letting us know! I have informed the NCpedia staff and they will look into this and take any action needed.

Erin Bradford, Government and Heritage Library




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Hello I love these facts about nc!


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