Natural resources

Natural resources
18th-Century Hurricanes
by Ijames, Earl. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a hurricane is a three-dimensional, severe tropical cyclone with sustained winds at or above 74 miles per hour. When these big storms strike, they [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Artesian Wells
by Powell, William S. Artesian wells, more abundant in southern North Carolina than in the state's northern counties, consist of ground water sufficiently concentrated and under enough natural pressure to flow to the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Bay Tree Lake State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Bay Tree Lake State Park By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1979 GPS Coordinates: 34.678464, [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Canoes
by Stick, David. Canoes have provided a primary form of transportation on the sounds, rivers, and bays of coastal North Carolina for centuries. In the 1580s the explorers and colonists sent to Roanoke Island by Sir [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cape Hatteras State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Cape Hatteras State Park By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015 Established: 1935 GPS [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Cape Lookout National Seashore
by Stick, David, Blair, Dan. Cape Lookout National Seashore encompasses 28,000 acres of land and water and extends for 55 miles along the North Carolina coast from Ocracoke Inlet to Beaufort Inlet. Included within its boundaries [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Carolina Beach State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Carolina Beach State Park (Originally Masonboro State Park) By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015; Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Caves and Caverns
by Weidman, Rich. Nearly 900 caves and caverns are known to exist in North Carolina, although only a small number are accessible to the public. Linville Caverns, which lies deep within Humpback Mountain in McDowell [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Cement
by Seaman, Jean H. Cement, calcium oxide produced by heating carbonate rock or shell and used as a hardening and binding agent when mixed with water and sand, was manufactured from limestone, marl, and shell deposits [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Chimney Rock State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Chimney Rock State Park (Orginally, Hickory Nut Gorge State Park) By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2011, 2015; Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Cliffs of the Neuse State Park
by . Cliffs of the Neuse State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1945 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Coal
by McArver, Charles H., Seaman, Jean H. Coal in North Carolina is limited to two belts of Triassic sediment: the sporadic Dan River belt and the larger Deep River belt, which runs along the Deep River in Lee, Moore, and Chatham Counties. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Coastal Life
by Amspacher, Karen Willis. Coastal Life "Homegrown Skills: Creating a Way of Life at the Coast" by Karen Willis Amspacher Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Fall 2009. Tar Heel Junior [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Commission on the Future of North Carolina
by Williams, Wiley J. The Commission on the Future of North Carolina, also called NC 2000, was created in June 1981 by Governor James B. Hunt Jr. Chaired by William C. Friday, then president of the consolidated University [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Conservation Movement - Part 1: Introduction
by Daniels, Dennis F., Freeman, Joan E., Roe, Charles E., Rohr, Karl, Murray, Raymond L., Shires, Nancy P. Part 1: Introduction; Part 2: Initial Water Conservation, Forestry Regulation, and Antipollution Policies; Part 3: Development of the Modern Environmental Movement; Part 4: New Programs, Legal [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Conservation Movement - Part 2: Initial Water Conservation, Forestry Regulation, and Antipollution Policies
by Roe, Charles E., Rohr, Karl. Part 1: Introduction; Part 2: Initial Water Conservation, Forestry Regulation, and Antipollution Policies; Part 3: Development of the Modern Environmental Movement; Part 4: New Programs, Legal [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Conservation Movement - Part 4: New Programs, Legal Initiatives, and Continuing Environmental Threats
by Roe, Charles E., Rohr, Karl. Part 1: Introduction; Part 2: Initial Water Conservation, Forestry Regulation, and Antipollution Policies; Part 3: Development of the Modern Environmental Movement; Part 4: New Programs, Legal [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Crabtree Creek State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Crabtree Creek State Park (William B. Umstead State Park) By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015 Established: 1943 GPS [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Crowders Mountain State Park
by . Crowders Mountain State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1973 GPS Coordinates: 35.213316, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Deep River State Trail
by . Deep River State Trail By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 2007   This State Trail represents a [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Dirt Eaters
by Zimmerman, Carmena B. "Dirt eaters," also called "clay eaters," "sandlappers," and other names, are individuals who regularly eat soil as part of their diet. It has been generally accepted that the practice of soil eating [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Dismal Swamp State Park
by . Dismal Swamp State Park (Originally Dismal Swamp State Natural Area) By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
El árbol de Navidad del estado
by . El árbol de Navidad del estado Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Raleigh, 2011. El abeto de Fraser (abies [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Elk Knob State Park
by . Elk Knob State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 2003 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Endor Furnace
by Hill, Michael. Endor Furnace, a large smelting furnace near Cumnock in Lee County, provided iron to the Confederacy from 1862 to 1865 and thereafter operated periodically through the end of the nineteenth century. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Eno River State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Eno River State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015; Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Environment and Natural Resources, Department of
by Stick, David. The origins of what came to be known as the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources date as far back as 1823, when the state sponsored a geological survey. Later, state [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Exploring North Carolina: Geography & Climate
by . Exploring North Carolina:  Geography, Geology & Climate Introductory resources on North Carolina Geography & Geology North Carolina's Regions North Carolina Climate & [...] (from NCpedia.)
Exploring North Carolina: North Carolina State Parks, Trails, Lakes, Rivers & Natural Areas
by Agan, Kelly. The North Carolina State Parks system was launched on March 3, 1915 when the General Assembly passed legislation appropriating funds to buy land for a park at Mount Mitchell. A year later, following [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Exports
by Wait, Douglas A. North Carolina has produced and transported commercial exports since its establishment as an English colony. The primary exports from the colony were products of the forest. By the 1720s naval [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Falls Lake State Recreation Area
by . Falls Lake State Recreation Area   By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1982 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Fishing Camps
by Stick, David. Fishing camps of primitive design were maintained by crews of commercial fishermen at isolated spots along the North Carolina coast during the last half of the nineteenth century and the early part [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Forests- Part 1:Introduction
by York, Maury, Norris, David A., Freeman, Joan E., Southern, David, Rohr, Karl, Bullard, A. J., Snow, Jean. Forests by Joan E. Freeman, 2006 Additional research provided by A. J. Bullard, David A. Norris, Karl Rohr, Jean Snow, David Southern, and Maurice C. York. See also: Biltmore Forest [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Forests- Part 2: Important North Carolina Tree Species
by Southern, Ed, York, Maury, Norris, David A., Freeman, Joan E., Rohr, Karl, Bullard, A. J., Snow, Jean. Forests by Joan E. Freeman, 2006 Additional research provided by A. J. Bullard, David A. Norris, Karl Rohr, Jean Snow, David Southern, and Maurice C. York. See also: Biltmore Forest [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Forests- Part 3: Efforts to Protect North Carolina Forests and Trees
by York, Maury, Norris, David A., Freeman, Joan E., Southern, David, Rohr, Karl, Bullard, A. J., Snow, Jean. Forests by Joan E. Freeman, 2006 Additional research provided by A. J. Bullard, David A. Norris, Karl Rohr, Jean Snow, David Southern, and Maurice C. York. See also: Biltmore Forest [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Fort Fisher State Recreation Area
by . Fort Fisher State Recreation Area By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1986 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Fort Macon State Park
by . Fort Macon State Park   By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1924 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Fox Grape
by Simpson, Bland. Fox Grape by Bland Simpson, 2006 See also: Fruit, Scuppernong grape (Government & Heritage Library); Scuppernong Grape Fox grape (Vitis labrusca) thrives in North Carolina's piedmont [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
French Broad River State Trail
by Agan, Kelly. French Broad River State Trail Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015 Established: 1987 GPS Coordinates:      35.135785, -82.818458 (near Brevard and [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Fur and Skin Trade
by Freeman, Joan E. The fur and skin trade was a significant industry from the earliest permanent settlement of the region that became North Carolina. Pelts shipped to Europe included beaver, bear, deer, raccoon, mink, [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Geologic history (from NC Atlas Revisited)
by Diemer, John A., Bobyarchick, Andy R. Geologic history by Dr. John A. Diemer and Dr. Andy R. BobyarchickDept. of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2005. Reprinted with permission [...] (from North Carolina Atlas Revisited.)
Gold Hill Mine
by Freeman, Joan E. Gold Hill Mine by Joan E. Freeman, 2006 See also: Gold Mining in the Uwharries; Gold Rush; Gold Rush, The North Carolina; Portis Gold Mine; Reed Gold Mine Gold Hill Mine is located in [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Gold Mining in the Uwharries
by Robinson, Kenneth W. In the early decades of the 1800s, the southern Piedmont's gold mines attracted prospectors, investors, and miners. Tar Heel gold had first been found in 1799 on John Reed’s farm in Cabarrus County, [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Gold Rush, The North Carolina
by Lewis, Rebecca. The North Carolina Gold Rush by Rebecca Lewis Reprinted with permission from the Tar Heel Junior Historian. Spring 2006. Tar Heel Junior Historian Association, NC Museum of History See also: [...] (from Tar Heel Junior Historian, NC Museum of History.)
Goose Creek State Park
by . Goose Creek State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1974 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Gorges State Park
by . Gorges State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2005, 2015 https://www.ncparks.gov/ Established: 1999 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Graber, Robert Walter
by Stewart, James. Graeber, Robert Walter (R.W.) By James Stewart, NCSU Libraries, 2016 1 Jan. 1888 - 19 July 1967 R. W. Graeber was a pioneer of North Carolina’s forestry extension service and [...] (from NCSU Libraries.)
Grandfather Mountain State Park
by . Grandfather Mountain State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 https://www.ncparks.gov/ Established: 2009 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Hammocks Beach State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Hammocks Beach State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015; Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Hanging Rock State Park
by . Hanging Rock State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 https://www.ncparks.gov/ Established: 1936 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Haw River State Park
by . Haw River State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 2003 GPS Coordinates: 36.250646,-79.756364 Size: [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Hemp
by Southern, David. Hemp is the generic term for Cannabis sativa (or in its wild form, Cannabis indica), an annual herb used for millennia as a source of fiber for rope, cloth, and paper and also as a psychotropic drug. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Iron and Steel Industry
by Wait, Douglas A., McKaughan, Joshua. Iron and Steel Industry by Douglas A. Wait and Joshua McKaughan, 2006 See also: Big Ore Bank; Endor Furnace; Nucor Corporation; Troublesome Creek Ironworks. The search by European [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jerusalem Oak
by Bullard, A. J. Jerusalem oak (Chenopodium ambrosioides) is a weedy perennial plant found throughout North Carolina and the United States. Those with an eastern, rural North Carolina background use the name [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Jockey's Ridge State Park
by . Jockey's Ridge State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1975 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Jones Lake State Park
by . Jones Lake State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1939 GPS Coordinates: 34.682743, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Jordan Lake State Recreation Area
by Agan, Kelly. Jordan Lake State Recreation Area North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1981 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Kaolin
by Seaman, Jean H. Kaolin is a fine clay mineral used in ceramics and insulators. The Cherokee Nation was issued a patent in 1744 for the production of porcelain from a mixture of kaolin, quartz, and feldspar. In 1767 [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Kerr Lake State Recreation Area
by . Kerr Lake State Recreation Area North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
La piedra del estado
by . La piedra del estado Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Raleigh, 2011. La Asamblea General de 1979 designó el [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
La piedra preciosa del estado
by . La piedra preciosa del estado Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Raleigh, 2011. La Asamblea General del 1973 [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Lake James State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Lake James State Park By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015 Established: 1987 GPS Coordinates: 35.72871,-81.901123 Size: [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Lake Mattamuskeet
by Hill, Michael. Lake Mattamuskeet by Michael Hill Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Lake Norman State Park
by . Lake Norman State Park (Originally Duke Power State Park) By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1962 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Lake Waccamaw State Park
by . Lake Waccamaw State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 https://www.ncparks.gov/ Established: 1976 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Las bayas del estado
by . Las bayas del estado Extraído de Libro de hechos de El Viejo Estado del Norte. Oficina de Archivos e Historia de Carolina del Norte, Raleigh, 2011. En el 2001, la Asamblea General nombró [...] (from NC Office of Archives and History.)
Lightwood
by Powell, William S. Lightwood (pronounced "lite'ood"), also called "rich pine" or "fat pine," is wood that generally comes from the stump, roots, or heart of long-dead pine trees in which rosin has accumulated. It is [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Linville Caverns: North Carolina's Show Cave Opens July 1, 1939
by Agan, Kelly. North Carolina has some 900 natural caves, and its only show cave, Linville Caverns, opened to the public on July 1, 1939.  The commercial operation began in 1937 with purchase of the land by [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Logging
by Hairr, John, Starnes, Richard D. For more than four centuries, North Carolinians have benefited from the commercial use of the state's timber resources. As early as the seventeenth century, the Carolina colony's rich forests gave [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Lumber River State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Lumber River State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015; contributions by Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Marl Beds
by Towles, Louis P. Marl beds are found along the eastern and southeastern coastline of the United States and on land across the world that was once covered by the sea. Such beds, referred to by Roman writer Marcus [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mattamuskeet Apples
by Spencer, R. S., Jr. Mattamuskeet apples are named for Lake Mattamuskeet, in North Carolina's coastal Hyde County, where the apples originated. Ranging from medium to large in size, the apples have a yellow flesh covered [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Mayo River State Park
by . Mayo River State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 2003 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Medoc Mountain State Park
by . Medoc Mountain State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/   See also: Sydney [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Merchants Millpond State Park
by . Merchants Millpond State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1973 GPS Coordinates: 36.437105, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Morrow Mountain State Park
by . Morrow Mountain State Park By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation Excerpted from Morrow Mountain State Park Plan, February 1979, North Department of Natural [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Mount Jefferson State Natural Area
by . Mount Jefferson State Natural Area (formerly Mt. Jefferson State Park) North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1956, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Mount Mitchell State Park
by . More than a billion years ago, the Black Mountains were formed. This mighty range of peaks once stood lofty and rugged. But over millions of years, wind, water and other forces wore down the [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Natural Communities of North Carolina
by Sorrell, Mickey Jo. Natural Communities of North Carolina by Mickey Jo Sorrell, 2014. A natural community is a distinct collection of plants and animals (and fungi and bacteria) associated with each other [...] (from NC Natural Heritage Program, NC Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources.)
Natural Gas
by McGee, Barry. Natural gas is an odorless, colorless mixture composed largely of methane that became in the twentieth century one of North Carolina's most important energy sources. The U.S. Department of Energy [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Natural History of North-Carolina
by Simpson, Marcus B., Jr. First published in Dublin in 1737, John Brickell's Natural History of North-Carolina was ostensibly written from firsthand observations made by Brickell during his sojourn in North Carolina. The [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Natural Walls
by Powell, William S. Natural walls in Rowan County, freshly exposed from subterranean sites by heavy rains in the summer of 1794, sparked widespread interest at home and abroad. They were discovered near Second Creek and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Nature Conservancy
by Simpson, Bland. Nature Conservancy by Bland Simpson, 2006 Nature Conservancy, with headquarters in Arlington, Va., is a national organization working for land conservation and the preservation of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Nature's Sample Case
by Coffin, Alex. "Nature's sample case" has long been a term applied to North Carolina because of its more than 300 native rocks and minerals, such as iron, limestone, gold, emeralds, sapphires, and moonstones. More [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Naval Stores
by Johnson, Lloyd. North Carolina's production of naval stores-tar, pitch, and turpentine, all products of the pine tree-began in the 1720s and declined as a major industry by the Civil War. The abundance of pine trees [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
New River State Park
by . New River State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1975 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
North Carolina History Interactive Timeline: North Carolina State Parks, Recreation & Natural Areas
by Agan, Kelly. North Carolina History Interactive Timeline: History of North Carolina State Parks, Recreation & Natural Areas By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
North Carolina Mountains to Sea Trail
by Agan, Kelly. North Carolina Mountains-to-Sea State Trail By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2016 Established: 2000 GPS Coordinates:   Western [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Northern Lights
by Powell, William S. The northern lights, or the aurora borealis, are a rare, spectacular display of multicolored lights in the sky associated with solar flare activity. Usually seen waving-sometimes suggesting blowing [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Nuclear Energy
by Murray, Raymond L. Nuclear energy first came to North Carolina in 1950 with the construction of a reactor for training and research at North Carolina State College (now North Carolina State University) in Raleigh. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Oconee Bells
by Sorrell, Mickey Jo. Oconee Bells, Northern and Southern Shortia galacifolia var. brevistyla Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia by Mickey Jo Sorrell, 2014. Oconee Bells is a rare and beautiful plant [...] (from NC Natural Heritage Program, NC Dept. of Environment & Natural Resources.)
Oil
by Fick, William G., Jr. Geologists for many years have recognized that North Carolina is "dry hole country" with almost no potential for hydrocarbon reserves. Despite this fact, several individuals and companies have [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Ore Knob Copper Mine
by Lillard, Stewart. The Ore Knob Copper Mine in Ashe County was first conceived in the spring of 1854, when John Mason Lillard of Decatur, Meigs County, Tenn., channeled his resources into the organization of the Meigs [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Bodies of Water
by Horton, Emily S. Our State Geography in a Snap: bodies of water by Emily HortonNC Government & Heritage Library, 2012. See also: Rivers; Lakes; [...] (from NCpedia.)
Our State Geography in a Snap: Landforms
by Anonymous. Our State Geography in a Snap: landforms and regions Reprinted with permission from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction website. Landforms: There are three [...] (from NC Department of Public Instruction.)
PCB Protests
by Wegner, Ansley Herring. In the summer of 1978, Ward Transformer Company paid a trucking company to drive along rural North Carolina roads at night to discharge liquid contaminated with PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) onto [...] (from Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History.)
Pearls
by Powell, William S. In modern times, no oyster species native to North Carolina's coastal region creates pearls of any value. Pearls were long gathered, however, by coastal Indians and used as ornaments or bartered for [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Pettigrew State Park
by . Pettigrew State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1936 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Pilot Mountain State Park
by . Pilot Mountain State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1968 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Portis Gold Mine
by Willard, George-Anne. The Portis Gold Mine, located in the northeastern corner of Franklin County, was the first mine in the Eastern Carolina Belt (composed of Warren, Halifax, Franklin, and Nash Counties) and operated [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Raven Rock State Park
by . Raven Rock State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 1974, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1970 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Reed Gold Mine
by Remsburg, Robert L., III. Reed Gold Mine, located in Midland, 12 miles southeast of Concord, is the site at which the first authenticated discovery of gold in the United States occurred. In 1799 Conrad Reed, the 12-year-old [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Reedy Creek State Park
by Agan, Kelly. Reedy Creek State Park By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2016 Established: 1950 GPS Coordinates: 35.833731, -78.760208 Size: 1,234 [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Rendezvous Mountain State Educational Forest
by Agan, Kelly. Rendezvous Mountain State Educational Forest By Kelly Agan, N.C. Government & Heritage Library, 2015   Established: 1926 (State Park); 1984 (State Educational Forest) GPS [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Rivers
by Hairr, John. North Carolina Rivers NCpedia entries on specific rivers Cape Fear River Catawba River French Broad River Neuse River New River Roanoke River Yadkin Pee-Dee [...] (from NCpedia.)
Salt Licks
by Kennedy, John R. American Indians, and later European settlers, held salt in high esteem. Since the region lacked natural salt, even the salt "waste" from preserving hides and meats was put to use. The Indians [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Sand Dunes
by Stick, David. Sand Dunes by David Stick, 2006 Sand dunes along the North Carolina coast are an integral part of the ecosystem immediately adjacent to the sea. The dunes are formed when sand particles that [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Shell Mounds
by Ansley, John F. Large amounts of discarded shells, left in mounds along the coast by early Indian communities, often provide clear evidence of the people who once inhabited the region that became North Carolina. [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Shellfish
by Stick, David, Stevenson, George, Carter, Kathy. Shellfish by Kathy Carter, 2006 Additional research provided by George Stevenson and David Stick. See also: Oyster War; Commercial Fishing; Wildlife overview Shellfish is the popular [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Silk
by Norris, David A. Early travel writers and government officials speculated that the climate and soil of the land that would become North Carolina would readily support the growing of silkworms. The Carolina charter of [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Singletary Lake State Park
by . Singletary Lake State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1939 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Slate Belt
by Seaman, Jean H. The Carolina Slate Belt refers to a region of low-grade metamorphosed volcanic rock characterized by slaty cleavages. This region is one of several belts crossing North Carolina in a general [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Soil Conservation
by Freeman, Joan E., Helms, Douglas. Climate and landscape make much of North Carolina susceptible to soil erosion. Intensity and duration of rainfall, the measures of the rain's erosive power, are greater in the Southeast than [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
South Mountains State Park
by . The South Mountains, carved out of the Blue Ridge by erosion, are a broad belt of peaks and knobs rising abruptly from a deep valley. These steep, rugged mountains encompass 100,000 acres in Burke, [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
State Parks
by Branch, Paul, Diem, Gordon Neal, Conner, Elizabeth H., Tingley, Carol A. State Parks by Gordon Neal Diem and Carol A. Tingley, 2006 Additional research by Paul Branch and Elizabeth H. Conner. See also: History of the North Carolina State Park System (NC [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stephens, George Myers
by Massengale, William F. W. Stephens, George Myers by William F. W. Massengale, 1994 19 July 1904–20 Dec. 1978 George Myers Stephens, [...] (from Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, University of North Carolina Press.)
Stone Mountain State Park
by . Stone Mountain State Park North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 1994, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1969 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
The Forest and the Indians
by Parramore, Thomas C., Watson, Harry L., Nathans, Sydney, Anderson, Jean Bradley, Clayton, Thomas H., Fenn, Elizabeth A., Wood, Peter H. By Elizabeth A. Fenn, Peter H. Wood, Harry L. Watson, Thomas H. Clayton, Sydney Nathans, Thomas C. Parramore, and Jean B. Anderson; Maps by Mark Anderson Moore. Edited by Joe A. Mobley. [...] (from The Way We Lived in North Carolina, NC Office of Archives and History and UNC Press.)
The World's Largest Windmill: Boone's Mod-1 Wind Turbine, 1979
by Agan, Kelly. On July 11, 1979, the town of Boone celebrated the dedication of what was then hailed as the world’s largest windmill. The windmill, perched atop Howard’s Knob, had been installed as part of a [...] (from Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.)
Volcanoes
by DiNome, William G. The geologic record suggests volcanic activity in what is now North Carolina primarily occurred in two phases of the middle Proterozoic era, between 850 and 500 million years ago, first while the [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Waterfalls
by Hoffman, Joseph Paul. The 75-mile-wide chain of the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina contain some of the most spectacular waterfalls and cascades to be found anywhere in the continental United States. The Blue Ridge [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Waterwheels
by Lewis, Johanna Miller. Waterwheels harnessed the volume, force, and gravity of various bodies of water in North Carolina to provide the leading sourceof natural, inanimate power before the advent of the steam engine and [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Well Sweep
by Marshall, Patricia Phillips. A well sweep was an ingenuous device utilized to draw water from a well without ropes or pulleys. It appeared throughout North Carolina on nineteenth-century farms and plantations; both subsistence [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Wetlands
by Simpson, Bland. Wetlands by Bland Simpson, 2006 See also: Great Dismal Swamp; Pocosins; [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve
by . Weymouth Woods-Sandhills Nature Preserve By North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, 2015 http://ncparks.gov/ Established: 1963 GPS [...] (from NC Division of Parks and Recreation, NC Dept. of Natural and Cultural Resources.)
Windmills
by Stick, David. Windmills were so common along the North Carolina coast at the time of the Civil War that Charles F. Johnson, a Union soldier stationed on Hatteras Island, later wrote that there were "a greater [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
Year without a Summer
by Stevenson, George. The Indonesian volcano Tambora catastrophically erupted in the late spring of 1815, casting well over a million tons of dust into the upper atmosphere. These particles caused not only spectacular [...] (from Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press.)
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