by Steven Case
Government & Heritage Library , 2010.
High Point is a city primarily located in southwestern Guilford County , though the city limits extend into Davidson , Forsyth , and Randolph  Counties as well. It was incorporated in 1859, and so named because it was the highest point on the Goldsboro-Charlotte Railroad. The town grew up at the intersection of the railroad line and the Fayetteville and Western Plank Road . 
High Point has long been known for its industries . The town's excellent location, with both a major transportation crossing and stands of high quality timber nearby, drew multiple entrepreneurs, and by 1878 the first mass manufacturing facility (making shuttle blocks for textile makers) had opened. In 1889, the High Point Furniture Company began operations. More than 40 furniture  companies were located in the town and surrounding area by the turn of the century, and the first Furniture Exposition  opened in 1905.
In addition to the twice yearly High Point Market  (the successor to the Furniture Exposition), which draws more than 85,000 people per show, the city is also host to the highly regarded North Carolina Shakespeare Festival  each autumn.
High Point's estimated population:
High Point's land area (square miles):
Data from the NC State Data Center: http://www.osbm.state.nc.us/ncosbm/facts_and_figures/socioeconomic_data/population_estimates/demog/ppla8008.htm 
Reference and additional resources:
"High Point's Furniture Companies" High Point Museum. http://highpointmuseum.org/HPfurniturecompanies.htm 
Farriss, J. J. 1909. High Point, North Carolina. High Point: Enterprise Printing Company. http://www.archive.org/details/reminiscencesofp00per 
Marks, Robert. 1996. High Point: Reflections of the past . Montgomery, Ala. : Community Communications
Powell, William Stevens, and Michael R. Hill. 2010. The North Carolina gazetteer: a dictionary of Tar Heel places and their history . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 242.
Powell, William Stevens, and Jay Mazzocchi. 2006. Encyclopedia of North Carolina . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 563.
Thomas, David N. 1967. Getting started in High Point. Forest History. 11.2: 22-32.
High Point train depot. May 20, 2009. Image courtesy of flickr user lumierefl. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sminor/3865066800/ 
20 August 2010 | Case, Steven