LAND AREA: 234.65 square miles
Black/African American: 140
American Indian: 27
Pacific Islander: 3
Two or more races: 128
Hispanic/Latino: 1,004 (of any race)
From the 2010 Census, US Census Bureau.
Alleghany County 
Mountain region 
Alleghany County, located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of northwestern North Carolina and bordering Virginia, was formed in 1859 from Ashe County  through an act of the North Carolina legislature. Its earliest peoples were Cherokee  and Shawnee Indians; English, German, and Scotch-Irish settlers subsequently arrived in the area. The county name comes from either the Allegewi Indian tribe or the Delaware Indian word "oolikhanna" (beautiful stream). The county seat, Sparta , was established in 1825, with the original name of Bower's Store. Its name was changed to Gap Civil (1846) before becoming Sparta in 1879, named for the Greek city. Other important communities located in Alleghany County are Piney Creek, Glade Valley, Laurel Springs, Roaring Gap, Twin Oaks, and Stratford. In addition to the mountains of the Blue Ridge, the county's other significant physical features include the New River  (one of the world's oldest rivers), the Little River, and a part of the Eastern Continental Divide.
The construction of the Blue Ridge Parkway  in the 1930s-made possible by the political efforts of longtime U.S. Congressman and Alleghany County native Robert Lee Doughton -brought increased tourism and growth to Alleghany County. However, the county remains North Carolina's fifth-smallest in land area (233 square miles) and its sixth-smallest in population (about 11,000 residents in 2004). Christmas trees make up a large portion of the agricultural goods produced by Alleghany County, generating an annual income in excess of $17 million. The production of dairy and beef cattle and other livestock is also a multimillion-dollar industry in Alleghany County.
Alleghany County hosts several annual cultural festivals and events rooted in the region's mountain heritage, including the Blue Ridge Mountain Fair , the Mountain Heritage Festival , the Blue Ridge Mountains Crafts Fair, and Choose and Cut Day (for Christmas tree buyers).
Alleghany Historical-Genealogical Society, Alleghany County Heritage (1983).
Alleghany County Government: http://www.alleghanycounty-nc.gov/ 
Alleghany County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.sparta-nc.com/ 
DigitalNC, Alleghany County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/alleghany-county 
User submitted images, Flickr. (How you may contribute ).
Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.
1 January 2006 | Rider, Bernadette