Precincts exist in North Carolina as voting district subdivisions of both cities  and counties . In the Proprietary province of Carolina, however, precincts were administrative and judicial districts of the counties or colonies . Corresponding to the modern county, each Proprietary precinct-governed by a court of justices chaired by a steward-had a sheriff  as its chief law officer. The precincts also were used in determining representation in the Assembly  and organizing the militia . Since the colonial Assembly first met in 1665, precincts may have been established at that time, but the earliest documentation is a 1668 commission that confirms that Pasquotank  Precinct was in existence. It is likely that Chowan , Currituck , and Perquimans  Precincts were created at the same time. These four governmental units are North Carolina's oldest extant counties.
1 January 2006 | Butler, Lindley S.