North Carolina Fund
The North Carolina Fund , a statewide antipoverty program for rural and urban communities, operated from 1963 to 1968. In those five years, the fund received and spent more than $13 million in what director George Esser  described as a "quest for new ways to enable the poor to become productive citizens, to encourage self-reliance, and to foster institutional, political, economic, and social change designed to strengthen the functioning of democratic society." Inspired by Governor Terry Sanford  and his assistant, John Ehle, the Ford Foundation provided initial funds for a demonstration program that would be dissolved after five years. Additional money from North Carolina foundations and the federal government enabled the fund to expand its support for education, community action, manpower development, research and planning, training and leadership development, and other efforts to fight poverty.
The largest of the fund's worker development programs was Manpower Improvement through Community Effort , which established field offices in eastern North Carolina to assist unemployed workers and their families using local resources. Mobility, the other major manpower effort, recruited unemployed rural people, developed jobs in industrial areas, and helped families to move and adapt to new jobs and homes.
Other programs sponsored by the North Carolina Fund included a summer volunteer project for college students, training for community leaders and workers, training for members of the federal VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America ), and internships and curriculum development programs in colleges. Some organizations and programs established by the North Carolina Fund continued after the fund's termination, including the Learning Institute of North Carolina to improve public education, the Foundation for Community Development  to facilitate economic development and leadership training, and the Low-Income Housing Development Corporation to assist communities in developing private, low-income housing and explore home ownership for low-income citizens.
North Carolina Fund, This Day In NC History, UNC: http://www.lib.unc.edu/ncc/ref/nchistory/jul2005/index.html 
Governor Terry Sanford's and the North Carolina Fund: http://www.unctv.org/60s/nc_fund.html 
The North Carolina Fund Records, 1962-1971, UNC-CH Libraries: http://www.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/n/North_Carolina_Fund.html 
Picturing the North Carolina Fund, iBiblio: http://www.ibiblio.org/ncfund/fundframes.html 
To right these wrongs : the North Carolina Fund and the battle to end poverty and inequality in 1960s America. By Robert Rodgers Korstad; James L Leloudis; Billy E Barnes; Video Dialog Inc: http://www.worldcat.org/title/to-right-these-wrongs-the-north-carolina-fund-and-the-battle-to-end-poverty-and-inequality-in-1960s-america/oclc/441211796 
§ 143B‑437.71. One North Carolina Fund established as a special revenue fund, NC General Assembly: http://www.ncleg.net/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/HTML/BySection/Chapter_143B/GS_143B-437.71.html 
1 January 2006 | Sellars, Linda