Cement, calcium oxide produced by heating carbonate rock or shell and used as a hardening and binding agent when mixed with water and sand, was manufactured from limestone, marl, and shell deposits for local use in antebellum  North Carolina. On a commercial basis, the Blue Ridge Lime Company of Buncombe County  was producing cement as early as 1903. The limestone deposits at Castle Hayne in New Hanover County  supplied a series of cement plants in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first centuries. Work at these deposits also provided many interesting fossil specimens for collectors.
William F. Wilson, P. Albert Carpenter III, and Stephen G. Conrad, North Carolina Geology and Mineral Resources: A Foundation for Progress, North Carolina Geological Survey Educational Series No. 4 (1976).
Lime Kiln and Quarry, Blue Ridge Lime Company, 1907. Image available from NCSU libraries. Available from http://d.lib.ncsu.edu/collections/catalog/ua023_007-007-bx0025-002-002  (accessed October 5, 2012).
1 January 2006 | Seaman, Jean H.