See also: State Fair .
The Agricultural Society of North Carolina was organized in December 1818 in Raleigh with Governor John Branch  as ex officio president and Joseph Gales Sr., publisher of the Raleigh Register, as secretary. This initial organization survived only a few years. A second organization, the North Carolina Agricultural Society, was established in Raleigh on 8 Oct. 1852 and survived until the late 1920s. This second society created and sponsored the first North Carolina State Fair  in October 1853. The state fair was the Agricultural Society's principal agency for the promotion of both scientific agriculture and industry. The success of the organization resulted in large part because some of the state's more enlightened planters and farmers were members. These included Thomas Ruffin Sr. , a lawyer, judge, former chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court , and prominent Alamance County  planter; John S. Dancy of Panola Plantation in Edgecombe County ; and Kenneth Raynor, a Hertford County  planter and prominent Whig  politician.
In addition, the North Carolina Agricultural Society issued publications-including its official but short-lived Farmer's Journal (1852-54), edited by John F. Tompkins-to encourage farmers to adopt improved cultivation practices such as fertilizing, crop rotation, deep plowing, and contour plowing. The society also deserves considerable credit for the University of North Carolina 's establishment in 1854 of a chair of applied chemistry to deal with agricultural matters and, soon afterward, the creation of an experimental farm south of what is now South Building.
With the appointment of the first State Fair Board  by Governor Angus McLean  in 1925, the North Carolina Agricultural Society gave up sponsorship of and financial responsibility for the fair, and before the end of the decade the society had disbanded.
Melton A. McLaurin, "The Nineteenth Century North Carolina State Fair as a Social Institution," NCHR 59 (July 1982).
Elizabeth Reid Murray, Wake: Capital County of North Carolina (1983).
North Carolina Agricultural Society, Charter and By-Laws of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, Organized 1852 (rev. ed., 1925).
North Carolina Agricultural Society. Transactions of the North-Carolina State Agricultural Society for 1857. Raleigh, N.C.: Holden & Wilson. 1858. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/u?/p249901coll22,164082 
Internet Archive. "Internet Archive Search: creator:'North Carolina Agricultural Society'." http://archive.org/search.php?query=creator%3A%22North+Carolina+Agricultural+Society%22  (accessed July 10, 2012).
North Carolina State Fair. North Carolina State Fair history. Raleigh, N.C.:North Carolina State Fair. 1997. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/p249901coll22&CISOPTR=222412&REC=14 
North Carolina Agricultural Society. "North Carolina Agricultural Society Certificate." August 18, 1869. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/u?/p15012coll8,10792 
Smith, F. B. "Commemorative Medal Accession #: H.1935.12.1 ." 1853. From the North Carolina Museum of History.
Tompkins, John F., editor. Farmer's Journal 3. No. 1. April, 1854. Raleigh, N.C.: Wm. D. Cooke & Co. http://archive.org/stream/farmersjournalse1854tomp#page/n7/mode/2up .
1 January 2006 | Williams, Wiley J.