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Phifer, Edward William (Ned), Jr.

by Memory F. Mitchell, 1994

13 Aug. 1910–19 Feb. 1980

A photograph of Dr. Edward William "Ned" Phifer from his 1932 Davidson College Yearbook. Image from the Internet Archive. Edward William (Ned) Phifer, Jr., surgeon and historian, was born in Morganton, the son of Edward William and Susan Presnell Phifer. Following graduation from Morganton High School in 1928, he entered Davidson College and received an A.B. degree in 1932. Phifer studied medicine at The University of North Carolina (1933–35) and at Harvard University, where he obtained his M.D. in 1937. After a period as an intern at Yale–New Haven Hospital in New Haven, Conn. (1937–38), and a surgical residency at Long Island College Hospital in Brooklyn, N.Y. (1939–42), he entered military service. From October 1942 to November 1945 Phifer served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps as captain and then major, with twenty-eight months in the African and Italian campaigns, working with a general hospital and auxiliary surgical group.

Son of a well-known surgeon and chief of staff of Grace Hospital in Morganton, the young doctor returned to his hometown to practice surgery; he, too, served as chief of staff of Grace Hospital. He was president of the Burke County Medical Society (1949), charter member and (in 1956) president of the North Carolina Surgical Association, a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, diplomate of the American Board of Surgery, a trustee of the Regional Health Council of Eastern Appalachia; surgeon of the Southern Railway System; and member of the Society of Southern Railway Surgeons. He belonged to Phi Chi medical fraternity.

Edward W. Phifer, Jr., M.D., was also Edward W. Phifer, Jr., historian. An avocation grew into a full-time occupation following retirement from the practice of surgery early in 1979. His first published article appeared in the North Carolina Historical Review in January 1959. This essay, "Certain Aspects of Medical Practice in the Ante-Bellum Era," was followed by others: "Champagne at Brindletown: The Story of the Burke County Gold Rush, 1829–1835"; "Money, Banking, and Burke County in the Ante-Bellum Era"; "Saga of a Burke County Family," a three-part study of the Averys; and "Religion in the Raw: Cyclone Mack in Burke County, August–September, 1920." In 1963 he received the Southern Historical Association's biennial Ramsdell Award for the best article in the Journal of Southern History ; the winning essay, entitled "Slavery in Microcosm; Burke County, North Carolina," appeared in the May 1962 issue. Phifer was also the author of Burke: The History of a North Carolina County, published in 1977 as part of the county's bicentennial observance. From this book, the North Carolina Division of Archives and History published a pamphlet for its county history series.

Publishing was only one facet of Dr. Phifer's historical interests. A leader in founding the Burke County Historical Society in February 1959, he was elected its first president. On 22 Apr. 1961 he was chosen to serve as vice-president of the Western North Carolina Historical Association; in the fall of 1972 he was elected a member of the council of the Historical Society of North Carolina, and four years later, vice-president; and on 9 Nov. 1979 he was chosen president of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association. Governor Terry Sanford named him to the executive board of the State Department of Archives and History on 16 July 1963, and Governor Robert W. Scott reappointed him on 22 Aug. 1969. Phifer served on that board (later known as the North Carolina Historical Commission) until 9 June 1975. In the summer of 1978 he accepted appointment to a five-year term as a member of the Advisory Editorial Committee of the North Carolina Historical Review. Phifer became a member of the North Carolina Society of the Cincinnati in 1967 and a member of the Courthouse Restoration Commission in Burke County in 1974.

His service went beyond the fields of medicine and history. A member of the board of trustees of Davidson College (1961–69), Phifer sat on its executive committee. In 1958 he was made a trustee of the Morganton-Burke Public Library, a post he held until his death. He was elected to the board of education for the Morganton City Schools for the years 1967–69. A leader in the founding of Western Piedmont Community College in Morganton, Phifer was the first chairman of its board of trustees and was again serving in that capacity at the time of his death. His service as a member was unbroken.

The Morganton surgeon was one of a small group who brought professional baseball to his hometown in the 1940s, when the Morganton Aggies was formed. The team played for several years. Phifer was president of the Morganton Kiwanis Club (1963), director (1967) and vice-president (1968–69) of the Burke County Chamber of Commerce (1967), treasurer of the Burke County Democratic Executive Committee (1963–64, 1974), and director of Dacotah Cotton Mills, Lexington, and of the Morganton branch of the North Carolina National Bank. In 1963 he was named Morganton's Man of the Year.

On 5 Nov. 1938 Phifer married a nursing graduate of Yale University, Mary Adair Edwards of Orlando, Fla. They had a son, Edward W. Phifer III, and five daughters: Adair (Mrs. John W. Crute, Jr.), Susan (Mrs. George Dean Johnson, Jr.), Mary Phifer Frye, Nancy Welcome, and Martha Avery, who died in 1976.

Dr. Phifer died after an illness of several months. His funeral was held at Morganton's First Presbyterian Church, which he had served as an elder. He was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Morganton.

References:

Biennial Reports, State Department of Archives and History (1962–64, 1968–70) and North Carolina Division of Archives and History (1974–76).

Wake Bridges, "Historian: Burke Surgeon Makes Switch," Hickory Daily Record, 18 Jan. 1979.

"Burke Surgeon, Historian Dies," Hickory Daily Record, 20 Feb. 1980.

Adair Phifer Crute (Raleigh), personal contact.

"Noted Doctor-Historian Dies," Morganton News-Herald, 20 Feb. 1980.

North Carolina Historical Review and Carolina Comments (various issues).

Additional Resources:

Edward William Phifer Papers, 1787-1982 (bulk 1950s-1980) (collection no. 04422). The Southern Historical Collection. Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://www2.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/p/Phifer,Edward_William.html (accessed October 4, 2013).

"North Carolina Doctors Pass State Board." The Alumni Review [University of North Carolina] 25, no. 10 (July 1937). 290. http://www.carolinaalumnireview.com/carolinaalumnireview/1937summer?pg=12#pg12 (accessed October 7, 2013).

"Class Notes: 1935-next reunion 1980." The Tar Heel Alumnus 2, no. 4 (October 1977). 19. http://www.carolinaalumnireview.com/carolinaalumnireview/ur197710?pg=19#pg19 (accessed October 7, 2013).

Image Credits:

"Edward William Phifer, Jr. Morganton, North Carolina." QUIPS AND CRANKS - 1932. Davidson, N.C.: Davidson College. 1932. 81. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p16062coll9/id/4207 (accessed October 7, 2013).

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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