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Kerr, John Hosea, Jr.

by George T. Blackburn II, 1988

19 May 1900–28 May 1968

John Hosea Kerr, Junior's 1921 college yearbook photo. Image from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.John Hosea Kerr, Jr., attorney and legislator, was born in Warrenton, the son of John Hosea and Ella Foote Kerr. He received his early education in the schools of Warrenton where he was an honor graduate and valedictorian of the Graham Academy in 1917. During the latter year he entered The University of North Carolina, from which he received the A.B. degree in 1921. In Chapel Hill, Kerr distinguished himself as a debater in the Philanthropic Literary Society and served as business manager of the Tar Heel while Thomas Wolfe was editor.

Kerr studied law at Wake Forest College (1922–23) and was admitted to the bar in 1923. After an additional year of legal study at George Washington University, he began a practice in Rocky Mount. In 1928, he was elected to his first term in the General Assembly as a member of the house for Edgecombe County. He returned to Warrenton in 1931 and established a permanent practice. In 1938 Kerr was again elected to the house, now representing Warren County, and was continuously reelected until 1949; for the 1943 session he served as speaker. After a single term in the state senate (1955–57), he served three more terms in the house (1957–63) before declining to seek reelection.

The legislator from Warrenton was the most noted orator and one of the most influential members in the General Assembly of his day. His speeches were presented ex tempore and none of the major addresses survive in recorded form. The most famous was delivered during the 1947 session in support of the Humber bill to establish the North Carolina Museum of Art. This bill, which sought an appropriation of one million dollars, had not previously attracted significant legislative support. Kerr's speech began: "I know that I am facing a hostile audience, but man cannot live by bread alone." The address was commonly credited with securing passage of the bill; among significant speeches in the state's legislative history, it was perhaps equaled only by the James C. Dobbin speech in support of the state mental hospital.

Despite extreme conservatism in fiscal and social matters, Kerr achieved a considerable record in support of innovative state programs. It is said that he obtained the initial state appropriation for the North Carolina Institute of Government, and he was an influential supporter of the North Carolina School of the Arts.

In addition to his legislative service, Kerr was an official of the state Democratic party, a trustee of The University of North Carolina, and a promoter of local improvements in Warrenton.

On 12 Nov. 1932 he married Mary Hinton Duke of Richmond, Va., and they had one child, John H. Kerr III. He died at age sixty-eight and was buried in Fair-view Cemetery, Warrenton.

References:

Durham Morning Herald, 16 Jan. 1959, 29 Jan. 1961.

Daniel L. Grant, Alumni History of the University of North Carolina, 1795–1924 (1924).

Archibald Henderson, The Campus of the First State University (1949).

North Carolina Architect, May–June 1967.

Raleigh News and Observer, 30 May 1968.

Additional Resources:

Billingsley, William J. Communists on campus. Athens: University of Georgia Press. 2003. 78. http://books.google.com/books?id=OSTFBc2ZxHoC&lpg=PA78&ots=oGZBtaaQsu&pg=PA78#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed April 11, 2013).

Bishir, Catherine. "People in Preservation: Restoring Old Houses, Building Social Capital." NC Preservation (fall 2006). http://www.presnc.org/NC-Preservation-Magazine/People-in-Preservation-Restoring-Old-Houses-Building-Social-Capital (accessed April 11, 2013).

The Kappa Alpha Journal 38 (1922). 226. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZeISAAAAIAAJ&dq=%22John+H.+Kerr,+Jr.%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=7LhmUaXEGYPU9QTd_4DgBQ&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBDgK (accessed April 11, 2013).

Image Credits:

"John Hosea Kerr, Jr. Warrenton, N.C." Photograph. Yackety Yack. Buffalo, N.Y.: Baker, Jones, Hausauer, Inc. 1921.  http://library.digitalnc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/yearbooks/id/546 (accessed April 11, 2013).

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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