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Vance County

Vance County seal

LAND AREA: 253.52 square miles
POPULATION:
45,422
White: 20,058
Black/African American: 22,645
American Indian: 147
Asian: 202
Pacific Islander: 7
Other: 1,754
Two or more races: 609
Hispanic/Latino: 3,051 (of any race)

From the 2010 Census, US Census Bureau.

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Vance County

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Piedmont region

Geographic Information

REGION: Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Roanoke, Tar-Pamlico
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Franklin, Granville, Warren

Vance County, NC

by Jay Mazzocchi, 2006

Vance County, located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, was formed in 1881 from Granville, Warren, and Franklin Counties and named for Zebulon Baird Vance, governor of North Carolina and U.S. congressman and senator. It is situated along the Virginia border. Early inhabitants of the area included the Occaneechi Indians, followed by German, Scotch-Irish, and English settlers. Henderson, the county seat, was incorporated in 1841 and named for Leonard Henderson, chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court from 1829 to 1833. Other communities in the county include Middleburg, Gillburg, Gill, Williamsboro, Greystone, and Epsom. Kerr Lake State Recreation Area brings thousands of visitors to Vance County for boating, waterskiing, and fishing. Other notable physical features of the county include the Tar River, Roland Pond, and Island, Anderson, and Tabbs Creeks.

Rose's department stores were started in Henderson by brothers Paul H. Rose and T. B. Rose in 1915. Vance County landmarks and historic sites include the county courthouse (1884) and St. John's Episcopal Church (1773). Cultural institutions include the Kerr Lake Art Society and the Vance County Historical Museum. The county hosts festivals and annual events such as the Vance County Regional Fair, the Memorial Day Weekend Concert in the Park, and the Kerr Lake Art Show.

Vance County agricultural commodities include tobacco, soybeans, horticultural crops, dairy products, and livestock. Manufactures include textiles, glass containers, manufactured homes, apparel, metal fabrications, lumber and wood products, pet food, plastics, and home furnishings. The minerals tungsten, heubnerite, rutile, and sillimanite are mined in the county. The estimated population of Vance County was 43,800 in 2004.

Additional resources:

Vance County Government: http://www.vancecounty.org/

Henderson-Vance County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.hendersonvance.org/

DigitalNC, Vance County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/vance-county

Image credits:

User submitted images, Flickr. (How you may contribute).

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

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