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Greene County

Greene County, NC

LAND AREA: 265.93 square miles
White: 59.5%
Black/African American: 36.5% 
American Indian: 2.2%
Asian: 0.4%    
Pacific Islander: 0.2%
Two or more races: 1.1%
Hispanic/Latino: 14.8% (of any race)

From State & County QuickFacts, US Census Bureau, 2014.

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Greene County

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Coastal Plain

Geographic Information

REGION: Coastal Plain
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Lenoir, Pitt, Wayne, Wilson

Greene County, NC

by Allyson C. Criner, 2006

Greene County, located in the Coastal Plain region of east central North Carolina, was formed from Dobbs County (which no longer exists) in 1791. Tuscarora Indians originally inhabited the region, but after a period of conflict with English settlers culminating in the Tuscarora and Yamassee Wars (1711-15), they were forced out. Greene County is the site of Fort Neoheroka, scene of the decisive battle of the Tuscarora War in March 1713. The site has been investigated by archaeologists in recent years. The county was originally named Glasgow County, for North Carolina secretary of state James Glasgow, but it was renamed for Revolutionary War commander Nathanael Greene after Glasgow was indicted for fraud in 1799. Communities in Greene County include Hookerton, Walstonburg, and the county seat, Snow Hill, incorporated in 1828.

Greene County agricultural products include tobacco, corn, soybeans, swine, and chickens. The county has several lumber mills. The population of Greene County was estimated to be 20,000 in 2004.


James M. Creech, History of Greene County, North Carolina: Compiled from Legends, Hearsay, Records Found There and Elsewhere (1979).

Additional resources:

Greene County Government:

Greene County Chamber of Commerce:

Image credits:

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

Origin - location: 

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Educator Resources on North Carolina American Indians

NC Humanities Council, 2009 - 2011. "Teaching about North Carolina American Indians." Online at Learn NC.

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