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Caldwell County

Caldwell County, NC

LAND AREA: 471.60 square miles
POPULATION:
83,029
White: 74,925
Black/African American: 4,086
American Indian: 257
Asian: 428
Pacific Islander: 27
Other: 2,048
Two or more races: 1,258
Hispanic/Latino: 3,796 (of any race)

From the 2010 Census, US Census Bureau.

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Caldwell County

Bobcat trackWildlife profiles
Mountain region

Geographic Information

REGION: Mountain, though some areas are technically in the Piedmont
RIVER BASIN: Catawba, Yadkin Pee-Dee
NEIGHBORING COUNTIES: Alexander, Avery, Burke, Catawba, Watauga, Wilkes

Caldwell County, NC

by Jay Mazzocchi, 2006

Caldwell County, located in the Mountain region of western North Carolina, was formed from Burke and Wilkes Counties in 1841. It was named for Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. Early inhabitants of Caldwell County included Cherokee and Siouan Indians, followed by German, Scotch-Irish, and English settlers. The county seat, Lenoir, was incorporated in 1851 and named for Revolutionary War general William Lenoir. Other communities in Caldwell County include Hudson, Granite Falls, Rhodhiss (on the Burke County line), Cajah Mountain, and Gamewell. Part of Blowing Rock is also in Caldwell County.

The mountainous terrain attracts thousands of tourists to Caldwell County each year, and a large portion of the county is covered by the Blue Ridge Mountains and Pisgah National Forest. The Catawba, Yadkin, and Little Rivers flow through the county.

Caldwell County is one of the leading producers of furniture in the world. Other manufactured products include labels and tape, twines, yarn, and thread and cordage. Agricultural products from Caldwell County include broilers, hatching eggs, hay, soybeans, oats, barley, and landscape nursery plants.

Historic sites in Caldwell County include the county courthouse, constructed in 1905; Fort Defiance (1790), the home of General Lenoir; the Eli Corpening House, built in 1856; and Little House, built in 1872. Cultural institutions include the Foothills Performing Arts Community Theatre, the Unifour Jazz Ensemble, and the Caldwell County Heritage Museum. The Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail traverses the county. In 2004 the population of Caldwell County was estimated to be 78,500.

Additional resources:

Caldwell County Government: http://www.caldwellcountync.org/

Caldwell County Chamber of Commerce: http://www.caldwellcochamber.org/

DigitalNC, Caldwell County: http://digitalnc.org/counties/caldwell-county

Image credits:

User submitted images, Flickr. (How you may contribute).

Rudersdorf, Amy. 2010. "NC County Maps." Government & Heritage Library, State Library of North Carolina.

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