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Bell, Martha McFarlane McGee

By Joseph R. Suggs, 1979

Related Links: The US Revolution

1735–9 Sept. 1820

Martha McFarlane McGee, one of the heroines of the American Revolution, was born in Orange County. No positive record of her parents' names has been located, but her maiden name indicates that she was of Scotch-Irish ancestry. From her childhood she possessed a strong mind and will and manifested devotion to the country of her birth.

In the year 1759 she married Colonel John McGee, a widower with two children, Samuel and Elizabeth. McGee was a commissioned officer in the British army who had come to North Carolina with his parents as a permanent settler. In 1753 he had been granted a large tract of land in Orange County, and there he established a gristmill and ordinary at the headwaters of Sandy Creek along the trading path from settlements farther west to markets in Virginia. He soon became a large landowner. He was the originator of the "Presbyterian Society" located at the "Head of Sandy Creek," which was one of the earliest religious meetings of the area.

Five children were born to John and Martha McGee: John; Andrew; William, who married Anna King; Jane or Jean, who married John Welborn; and Susannah, who married Elisha Mendenhall.

The McGee Ordinary, homeplace, mill, and trading post was an exchange center for colonial news covering a large area. McGee's commission no doubt made him disliked by the "Regulators" who lived in this community, but from all accounts he remained as neutral as possible.

His untimely death in 1773 left Martha the richest widow in that frontier region. She was sought after by many widowers and bachelors; she was accustomed to a hardy life, however, and carried on by herself the business she had inherited. On 6 May 1779 she married William Bell, an ardent patriot who shared her own zeal for the cause of freedom from Great Britain. He operated a gristmill in the Deep River community, which became a part of the new Randolph County formed the same year. Bell was elected the first sheriff of the county 13 Dec. 1779 and later became clerk of court. His mill was a gathering place for Whigs.

Mattie Bell traveled many miles day and night, serving as nurse and midwife to people in the surrounding countryside. Her name became revered in every household for her assistance in time of need.

Her greatest fame is based on General Cornwallis's visit to Bell's Mill after the Battle of Guilford Court House on 15 Mar. 1781. Cornwallis moved southward to the mill in order to rest, regroup, and care for the wounded. He also needed provisions and wished to use the mill for grinding corn meal to feed the troops. Family annals state that she regarded Cornwallis as a perfect gentleman even though he was an unwanted guest. She extracted a promise from him that he would do no harm to the home or mill in exchange for her hospitality. Legends persist about the events of the two or three days Cornwallis stayed at the mill. Martha Bell's diary, which is quoted by the family, has disappeared from sight, but there can be no doubt of the courage and spirit she showed as she endured the presence of enemy troops in her own home.

As soon as Cornwallis left Bell's Mill, General Harry Lee arrived. Mattie Bell served as his guide to the next campground of the British general, and her knowledge of the countryside enabled Lee to stage a successful counterattack with his small cavalry force. Her services as a nurse kept her in touch with events, and she was often able to penetrate enemy lines and report on troop movements.

Before the cessation of hostilities she rode horseback with Mrs. Mary Dougan to Wilmington, N.C., in an unsuccessful attempt to see her son, Colonel Thomas Dougan, who was a prisoner aboard a British ship in the harbor.

Because the Bells were such active Whigs, Colonel David Fanning, leader of the Loyalist troops in the area, made many attempts to catch William Bell at home. This constant danger forced Bell to hide out or stay with patriot forces for months at a time. While he was away, Martha assumed responsibility for the home, children, mill, and farm. On one day in 1781 Fanning came to the mill intent on killing the Bells, but the family's display of strength caused the attacking party to leave without killing anyone or burning the house.

Martha Bell was instrumental in founding Old Union Methodist Church, where some of the first camp meetings in North Carolina were held. Two of her sons were ministers (John a Methodist and William a Presbyterian), and her other descendants have included educators, attorneys, and legislators.

Martha Bell died a year before her husband, whose death occurred on 22 Oct. 1821. They were buried in the Bell-Welborn graveyard near New Market School in Randolph County. A marker at the site of the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, placed there by the Alexander Martin Chapter of the DAR in 1929, honors her memory. The tribute reads, "Loyal Whig, Enthusiastic Patriot, Revolutionary Heroine."

References:

Bell family papers and reminiscences (Randolph Public Library, Asheboro)

E. W. Caruthers, Revolutionary Incidents (1854)

J. Bryan Grimes, ed., Abstract of North Carolina Wills (1910)

Mary Lazenby, Herman Husband (1940)

North Carolina Booklet , vol. 16 (1916–17)

Randolph Public Library (Asheboro), for clippings; William L. Saunders and Walter Clark, eds., Colonial and State Records of North Carolina , 30 vols. (1886–1914)

Image Source:

"The Martha McFarlane McGee-Bell Memorial," Photo courtesy of Flickr user When lost in.....". Available from http://www.flickr.com/photos/whenlostin/5558162009/ (accessed April 5, 2012).

Origin - location: 

Comments

A few minor corrections, some additional information & a few questions.
I don't believe the family of Col. John McGee (d. 1773) settled in North Carolina, but in Maryland. John's brother Andrew died in Dorchester Co., Maryland in the Spring of 1773. (John died in NC in December the same year.) In his will, Andrew left considerable land to John's sons, Samuel & John, Jr., and also mentioned brothers still living in Ireland. I suspect John may have spent some time in Virginia before he came to NC sometime before 1749. (If my theory as to who his first wife was is correct, she was a Virginian.)
In the article it says John McGee & his first wife had two children, Samuel and Elizabeth. The daughter was actually Ann "Nancy" McGee (1753/4-1832), who married Robert Lindsay (c. 1735-1801) in 1772, his second wife. Robert Lindsay was a Captain in the NC Militia,. a member of the first independent NC Legislature in 1777 and 1778, and presiding judge of Guilford Co. from 1781 to 1788. (I know this because Ann McGee & Robert Lindsay were my 5th great grandparents.)
Among John McGee & Martha "Mattie" Bell's children was Susannah McGee (1761-1843, Mrs. Elisha Mendenhall). Someone asked where Mattie went to school, I thought it might be of interest that it was a bequest from her daughter Susannah that allowed for the building of the first structure for the Greensborough Female College (now Greensboro College.) The school had been founded by the Methodist Church in 1837 but a building wasn't built til Susannah's bequest in 1843.
And speaking of schools and education, I believe that all of John & Mattie's sons attended the college founded by the Reverend Dr. David Caldwell (1725-1824). Dr. Caldwell was pastor of both the Buffalo and Alamace Presbyterian Churches, and also founded a college where many of the great men of North Carolina's early days received their educations. Both Rev. John McGee (1763-1836) and Rev. William McGee (1768-1817) were mentioned as being among "Rev. Caldwell's boys."
With regard to the comment "Martha Bell was instrumental in founding Old Union Methodist Church..." I have never heard this before. In fact, I've always heard that Martha was a very devout Presbyterian, and was quite distraught when he son John became a Methodist minister. I would love to know the source for this information. I am also interested to learn the source for the statement "He was the originator of the 'Presbyterian Society' located at the 'Head of Sandy Creek,' which was one of the earliest religious meetings of the area." From what I've been told John McGee, Sr. was originally a member of the Church of England (Anglican), though he did leave land in his will to the Presbyterian Society. (I've always thought that was due to Martha's influence.)
I would be very happy to compare notes with anyone interested in the McGee and Lindsay families.
Best Regards,
John Field Pankow

Dear John,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and taking time to share this information and the potential issues with the entry.  I apperciate the detail!

I will look into these issues and determine if we will be able to make an update to the record if we can secure the details.  If you have any references you can share, that would greatly help investigating these questions.  In the meantime, your comment will stay with the entry for future viewers to consider the information. 

Please feel free to post a reply back here.

Thank you again!  And best wishes,

Kelly Agan, NC Government & Heritage Library

WOW! What an honor to be a descendant of Mattie! I am a 5th great granddaughter thru my father's paternal grandmother

I am very proud to have such a great woman as part of my lineage and Patriotic heritage! I am proud of my Parents and my mother who's 6th great grand mother was such a great woman in History! And there is much to me learned from her and others in history! I am One Proud American!

Kevin, I found a Judith Cain Hester who commented on Martha's entry on findagrave as well as on her daughter, Jane McGee Welborn's entry. Is this your mother? i believe I descend from Jane and John Welborn's son, John Welborn Jr., who was a Methodist Minister. What can you tell me about John Welborn's revolutionary war service. i recently found an online document for Jane that I'd be happy to share if you're interested. Thanks, Patricia

Mrs. Martha Mcfarline Mcgee-Bell was my 7th Great Grand mother on my mothers side and I am Very proud to be able to claim Lineage to her and through her my mother is now accepted into the DAR and I Am applying to the SAR as I am very proud of my lineage! And Proud of my country as well! It is a privilege to have such a Great woman as part of my Patriotic Heritage and for her to have been so famous and brave!

Kevin, Is your mother Judith Cain Hester whose comments I find on findagrave.com under Martha and her daughter Jane McGee Welborn. I believe I descend through Jane and John Welborn's son, John, Jr.. I believe John Welborn Sr,'s tombstone says Capt. John Welborn if I'm not mistaken. Do you know anything about his service? I've recently come across an online document about Jane and John that I'd be happy to share, if you're interested. Thanks, Patricia

The information available on Martha Bell is very scattered. We know of no record about her attendance at a school. In the 1700’s, many people were taught at home. If a family could afford the cost, they would hire tutors or governesses to teach children. Many people received no formal schooling at all, and learned only by working in a trade or business. Martha Bell might have learned to read from the Bible, and learned arithmetic when working in her husband’s mill and trading post, but we have no way of knowing for sure.

Steven Case
Government & Heritage Library

Why didn't it say where she went to school? I need to know where she goes to scool its a third grade project we are doing at school!

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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