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Battle of Moores Creek Bridge

American Revolution

by Josh Howard
Research Branch, NC Office of Archives and History, 2009
http://www.ncmarkers.com

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Moores Creek Bridge photoFrom February 15 to 21, 1776, the days leading up to the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, Whig forces under commander Colonel James Moore camped on Rockfish Creek. At that site they were eight miles south of Cross Creek (present-day Fayetteville) where Royal Governor Josiah Martin’s representative, Alexander McLean, and British officers General Donald MacDonald and Captain Donald McLeod were assembling a Loyalist militia. Their goal was to march the Loyalists to Wilmington and there defeat the Patriots, returning North Carolina to British rule. By fortifying the encampment at Rockfish Creek with over 1,000 men and five artillery pieces, Moore blocked the Loyalists’s most direct route to the coast.

To get around Moore’s blockade, Loyalists were forced to cross the Cape Fear River at Campbelton and use Negro Head Point Road, a route that crossed Moore’s Creek. When Col. Moore learned of the Loyalists’s chosen route, he sent messages to Colonel Richard Caswell to block their route at Corbett’s Ferry over the Black River, to Colonel Alexander Martin and Colonel James Thackston to take possession of Cross Creek to prevent their retreat, and to Colonel Alexander Lillington to fortify Moores Creek bridge. Moore led his men to Elizabeth Town in hopes of meeting the Loyalists on their way to Corbett’s Ferry. Aware of the location of Moore’s and Caswell’s forces, the Loyalists constructed a bridge four miles above the ferry and continued on towards Moores Creek. There they were met by artillery and rifles from Caswell’s and Lillington’s forces. By the time Col. Moore and his men arrived at Moores Creek bridge, the battle was over. The Patriots had defeated the Loyalists, killing or wounding at least fifty men. Moore and his men pursued the remaining Loyalists and captured 850 soldiers. With the victory at Moores Creek Bridge, North Carolina was saved from being overrun by the British.

 

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References:

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, XI, 283

Hugh Franklin Rankin, “Moore’s Creek Bridge Campaign, 1776,” North Carolina Historical Review (January 1953): 23-60

Additional Resources:

National Park Service, Moores Creek website: http://www.nps.gov/mocr/

"The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge." Revolutionary North Carolina. LearnNC.org. http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-revolution/4267 (accessed December 5, 2012).

Capps, Michael A. and Davis, Steven A. Moore's Creek National Battlefield: An Administrative History. National Park Service, Department of the Interior. June 1999. http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/mocr/adhi_1.htm (accessed December 5, 2012).

 

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Comments

Comment: 

I found your website while researching information related in the fictional writing of Diana Gabaldon's Outlander series, specifically her books about the life and times of her characters Claire Randall and Col Jamie Frasier during their residence in Orange County, NC, pre Revolutionary War. While reading any of Gibaldon's books, I always find myself researching online about the factional components she writes about in her books. I have booked marked your site for future reference. Thank you.

Comment: 

Hi Natalie,

Thanks for visiting and letting us know.  I'm glad we can provide resources that enhance your reading.  And it's always helpful for use to hear how readers find us.

Please come visit NCpedia again!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

Comment: 

I'm looking for any information on my ancestor, a Pvt. John Moore, who served in the Continental Army in North Carolina during the war and received a land grant in West Tennessee (McNairy County) for his service. He may have been related to Col. James Moore of this battle.

Comment: 

Hello Ross,

Thanks for visiting NCpedia and taking a minute to submit your comment and potential connection to James Moore.  We love to hear when readers have made personal connections with NCpedia content and North Carolina history!

If you would like to research your NC roots, the Government & Heritage Library here at the NC State Library has NC genealogical documents and resources as well as librarians who are genealogy experts.  Please visit our genealogy resources page to learn what we offer http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/ghl/resources/genealogy.html.

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Good luck with your research!

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Comment: 

This helped me so much in 5th grade

Comment: 

My 5th Great Grandfather, William O. Allen fought at Moore's Creek!

Comment: 

That was mine 5th grandfather.

Comment: 

I am looking for a John or Malcom Smith or a McNeill who might have fought here. Anyone know of these names who might have fought in this war?

Comment: 

My Grandfather 5 generations back...Capt. James Shipman fought at Moores Creek Bridge.He lived in the Brown Marsh all of his life and only left his home during the war. He come home to find that they had burned his Mother's home to the ground and burned his home as well. I am mosted interested in my G
Genealogical History. Thank you for this very Educational Website.

Comment: 

I used to visit your blog and I am happy to find various information shared here. It is really exciting to read about various events occurred during American Revolution. I enjoyed each bit of the battle of Moores Creek Bridge.

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