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Dickins, Asbury

by Louise L. Queen, 1986

29 July 1780–30 Oct. 1861

An 1801 engraving of Asbury Dickins by Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de Saint-Mémin. Image from the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian InstitutionAsbury Dickins, bookseller, publisher, and government career man, was born in Halifax County, the son of John and Elizabeth Yancey Dickins. John Dickins played an important part in the formation and early growth of the Methodist Episcopal church in the United States, and served appointments as a minister in North Carolina in the 1780s. In 1789 he assisted with the organization of the Methodist Book Concern and became the church's first book agent, moving his family to Philadelphia where he set up publishing offices. When his father died in 1798, Asbury Dickins, then eighteen years old, and his mother carried on the publishing business for some months under considerable financial strain. In 1800 they moved the book shop to 25 North Second Street in Philadelphia. Late that year Dickins and John Dennie began to publish The Port Folio, a political and literary weekly that compared favorably with the best magazines in England.

In his early years Dickins failed to follow in the religious footsteps of his parents, causing great concern to his mother and her contemporaries, particularly Bishop Francis Asbury, for whom he was named. In 1801 he became involved in some incident serious enough to make him leave the country. He fled to England, where he married Lillias Arnot, a Scottish woman of noble descent. For a number of years he was chancellor of the U.S. consulate in London. Through connections of his mother's family he returned to the United States to serve as a clerk in the Treasury Department under Secretary William H. Crawford from 1816 to 1833. From 1833 to 1836 he was chief clerk in the State Department, and in 1836 he was elected secretary of the U.S. Senate, an office he held until the advent of the Lincoln administration.

Dickins and his wife were the parents of nine children. A son, Francis Asbury Dickins, in 1839 married Margaret Randolph, daughter of Thomas Mann Randolph of Tuckahoe, Goochland County, Va.

Asbury Dickins died in Washington, D.C.

References:

Nolan B. Harmon, ed., The Encyclopedia of World Methodism (1974).

Ruth K. Nuermberger, "Asbury Dickins (1780–1861): A Career in Government Service," North Carolina Historical Review 24 (1947 [portrait]).

James P. Pilkington, The Methodist Publishing House, A History, vol. 1 (1968).

Additional Resources:

"Asbury Dickins, Secretary of the Senate, 1836-1861." Senate Historical Office. United States Senate. http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/generic/SOS_Asbury_Dickins.htm (accessed February 5, 2014).

Parker, Peter J. "Asbury Dickins, Bookseller, 1798-1801, or, the Brief Career of a Careless Youth." The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 94, no. 4 (October 1970). 464-483. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20090475 (accessed February 5, 2014).

Image Credits:

de Saint-Mémin, Charles Balthazar Julien Févret. [A. Dickins 1801]. Engraving. 1801. Object #: S/NPG.74.39.4.44 National Portrait Gallery Collection. Smithsonian Institution. http://collections.si.edu/search/results.htm?q=record_ID%3Anpg_S_NPG.74.39.4.44 (accessed February 6, 2014).

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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