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Dauge (Dozier), Peter

by Claudia A. Fry, 1986

7 Dec. 1739–1 Sept. 1801

Peter Dauge (Dozier), colonel and legislator, was born in Pasquotank County. The first of his family in America was Jacques D' Auge, who moved to Charleston, S.C., from the Province of Berry in France with a band of French Protestants in the early part of the eighteenth century. A son of the D' Auge family, Pierre, moved to Currituck County, N.C., and married Angelica Gregory. One of the large family of children born to this marriage was Peter Dauge, as the name had been anglicized. Around 1706 Peter Dauge crossed over into the Camden area where he met his bride. The interrelated Dauge, Fenner, Ferebee, Boushall, and Etheridge families mainly remained in the counties of Pasquotank and Camden, and some in the Piedmont of North Carolina.

At twenty-six, Dauge was appointed a road overseer in Camden. On 22 Apr. 1776, he was made a major in the Second Regiment of the Pasquotank militia. As second major his first task assigned by the Provincial Congress was for him and Dempsey Gregory to take the slaves belonging to the Tories Thomas McKnight, James Parker, and Robert Gilmore. McKnight's slaves were moved with dispatch in May 1777 by Dauge's regiment. On 3 May 1776, Dauge was appointed lieutenant colonel in the state militia from the district of Edenton; on 11 May 1776, he was given the rank of colonel. On 8 Aug. 1776, he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the Tenth North Carolina Regiment, Continental Line, which joined General George Washington in 1777 and fought throughout the Revolution. In November 1776 he was also appointed lieutenant colonel of the First Battalion, which was ordered to assist South Carolina.

From 1786 to 1790 Dauge was a member of the House of Commons. He and Lemuel Sawyer represented Camden and often split their votes. Dauge voted in favor of proposals to increase the jurisdiction of the justices of the peace, to prevent the sale of goods except for "hard money," and to abolish recompense for executed or outlawed slaves. Sawyer opposed all. On 20 Nov. 1787, while in the house, Dauge was added to the Committee of Claims and on 22 November he was added to the court of claims. The house on 4 Nov. 1788 appointed Dauge and others to act on as a Committee of Propositions and Grievances. On 3 November he was appointed to serve on the Committee of Privileges and Elections.

From 1790 to 1794, Dauge was a member of the state senate where his corepresentative from Camden was Lemuel Sawyer's son, Enoch. They generally voted together on important measures. On 2 Nov. 1790, Dauge was appointed to serve on "a committee to hear and report on such excuses as may be offered by members of this house who failed to give their attendence agreeable to law." Both Dauge and Enoch Sawyer were delegates to the Hillsborough and Fayetteville conventions of 1788 and 1789, respectively. In 1789 Dauge was named a trustee for the newly formed Currituck Seminary of Learning, and in 1799 he was appointed sheriff of Camden.

Dauge was granted 2,057 acres of land on which he developed a plantation. According to the census of 1790, he owned twelve slaves.

Dauge was married twice: first to Elizabeth Lamb, daughter of Thomas Lamb and Sarah Beckwith of Pasquotank; second to Margaret Sawyer Lamb, widow of Abner Lamb, of Camden. Of the first marriage there were five children, Isaac, Willoughby, Amelia (m. Ezekiel Trotman), Sophia, and Margaret. There were no children of the second marriage. Dauge died in Camden and was buried in the family cemetery at his plantation.

References:

Walter Clark, ed., State Records of North Carolina, vols. 11, 18, 20, 21, 22 (1895–1907).

North Carolina Society of Sons of the American Revolution, Lineage Book of Past and Present Members of the North Carolina Society of Sons of the American Revolution (1951). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/wu.89082570128 (accessed September 19, 2014).

William C. Pool, "An Economic Interpretation of the Ratification of the Federal Constitution in North Carolina," North Carolina Historical Review 27 (1950).

Jessie H. Pugh, Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank (1957).

William L. Saunders, ed., Colonial Records of North Carolina, vol. 10 (1890).

Additional Resources:

Colonial and State Records Search, Documenting the American South, UNC Libraries: http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/search

Colonial and State Records of North Carolina Docuements created by Peter Dauge: http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/creators/csr10774

Jessie H. Pugh, Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank (1957): http://digital.lib.ecu.edu/17076

Peter Dauge Family Bible Records. 1739-1812. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p15012coll1/id/40140 (accessed September 19, 2014).

Dauge - Martin - Shepard Family Bible Records. 1727-1956. http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p15012coll1/id/5552 (accessed September 19, 2014).

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Comments

The Dauge family bible states that Peter Dauge's first wife was Elizabeth Williams, the daughter of Ludwick and Dorothy Williams.

She was not Elizabeth Lamb, the daughter of Thomas Lamb and Sarah Beckwith, as the biography erroneously asserts.

The bible further states that Peter Dauge's second wife was Margaret and that this couple had three daughters whose names and dates of birth it provides.

It is therefore not accurate, per the biography, that Peter and Margaret had no children.

Because we have access to a very valuable primary source (i.e. the bible) that discounts the claims asserted by the secondary source (i.e. the biography), we should discount the claims made by the secondary source and call into question all of the work published by the author of the secondary source.

For reference, the Dauge family bible is available at the North Carolina State Archives.

Dear Meghan,

Thank you for visiting NCpedia and letting us know about this additional information.  

We appreciate it when readers share additional information and resources through their comments.  Your contribution will be available for other readers to consider. In the meantime, we will investigate this resource as well as a number of other resources.  I do note that there is some disagreement among the three sources we have citing the family history -- namely, the Lineage Book of the Sons of the American Revolution and Pugh's Three Hundred Years Along the Pasquotank.  The bible records you have noted provide a hand-written list of Dauge's marriages and children, although no official documentation of these events.  We often find that genealogy records for this time period contain discrepancies or potential controversies since there was very little in the way of "official" documentation kept.  We often end up noting these disagreements in NCpedia entries. The Dauge and Dauge-Martin family records from the State Archives that you mention have been digitzed and are now available online through the NC Digital Collections and I have added them to the resources for this entry.

Thank you again and best wishes!

Kelly Agan, Government & Heritage Library

looking for information on my ancestry of the fenner family in craven county robert fenner and annie dudley deborah dove hattie carter

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Copyright notice

This article is from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, 6 volumes, edited by William S. Powell. Copyright ©1979-1996 by the University of North Carolina Press. Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher.

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